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ABSTRACT

A robot is an automatically guided machine which is able to do tasks on its own, almost always due to electronically programmed instructions Radio control (often abbreviated to R/C or simply RC) is the use of radio signals to remotely control a device. All over it is used frequently to refer to the control of model vehicles from a hand-held radio transmitter. Industrial, military, and scientific research organizations make [traffic] use of radio-controlled vehicles as well. In the project the robot is controlled by a mobile phone that makes a call to the mobile phone attached to the robot. In the course of a call, if any button is pressed a tone corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end called Dual Tone Multiple frequency (DTMF) tone. The robot receives these tones with help of phone stacked in the robot. The received tone is processed by the microcontroller with the help of DTMF decoder Ic cm8870 .these ic sends a signals to the motor driver IC l293d which derives the motor forward, reverseetc

CONTENTS
Sr. No. 1 1.1 2 3 3.1 3.2 4 4.1 4.2 5 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6 Contents Introduction Idea Innovation Basic Concept & Literature Survey Block Diagram Block Diagram Block Diagram Description Working Circuit Diagram Circuit Description Hardware Description Microcontroller Pyroelectric Sensor RS-232 Drivers & Reciever ULN2003AP Darlington Sink Driver Liquid Crystal Display Crystal Oscillator Relay Voltage Regulator Software Used Page No.

1
3 4 7 8 9 11 12 15 16 17 26 29 31 32 35 37 38 39 40 42 44 45 46

6.1 6.2
7 7.1 7.2

Software Used Program Code PCB Layout & Description PCB Layout Advantages of PCB

7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 9 10 11 12

Types of PCB PCB Description Component Assembly Soldering Trouble Shooting General Testing Hardware Testing Software Testing Advantages & Future Scope Applications Conclusion References Appendix

47 48 51 52 53 54 54 55 56 59 62 64 66 67 68 73

A B

List of Components Basic concept of Component Datasheets

List of Figures Figure No.


Figure No.2.1 Figure No.3.1 Figure No.4.1 Figure No.4.2 Figure No.4.3 Figure No.5.1 Figure No.5.2 Figure No.5.3 Figure No.5.4 Figure No.5.5 Figure No.5.6 Figure No.5.7 Figure No.5.8 Figure No.7.1

Description
Pyroelectric Sensors Block Diagram of Working Microcontroller Section Power Supply Section Serial Communication Block Diagram of IC Microcontroller Pin Configuration of IC Microcontroller Range of Sensor Pin Diagram of Rs-232 Pin Diagram of Darlington Driver IC Pin Diagram of LCD Crystal Oscillator Relay PCB Layout

Page No.
5 8 13 13 14 19 20 28 30 32 34 35 36 45

List of Tables Table No. Description Page No. 24 30 35

Table No.5.1 Pin Description of Microcontroller Table No.5.2 Pin Description of RS-232 Table No.5.3 Pin Description of LCD