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ABSTRACT

Bluetooth is a well-known, short-range technology for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPAN). Starting from a headset cable replacement it has been extended to Support flexible ad-hoc networks. To extend from low bit rate data to streaming Multimedia, Quality of Service (Quos) is required. Bluetooth specification defines strong interoperability demands between all Bluetooth devices. The interoperability requirements demand a lot from application developers. For making the developers work easier it has been produced different Bluetooth development platforms. These development platforms have different purposes and capabilities. The purpose of this thesis was to demonstrate and study Bluetooth technology and Bluetooth application development. The study consists of development platforms with Bluetooth hardware, Bluetooth protocol stacks, and applications on top of protocol stacks. The thesis includes Bluetooth technology overview, and designs, protocol models and implementations of two applications. Moreover, several Bluetooth development platforms and tools have been evaluated. At end of the thesis, the performance analysis of a video application is presented. Both theoretical and measured values are given for delay, delay variance, throughput, and image quality for different packet types and Distances between Bluetooth devices. As a conclusion, development platforms make the Development work easier, but many tools are not compatible with the Bluetooth Specification. This thesis gives reference designs of dispenser and video application. Measured quality of transferred video was sufficient, but it should be noted that the used video protocol over Bluetooth protocols is essential to obtain the transfer results.

CONTENTS

Abstaract Contents List of figures 1.Introduction 1.1. Origin of the Name 1.2. Definition of Blue Tooth 1.3. History of Blue Tooth 1.4. Future of Blue Tooth 1.5. Examples of Blue Tooth Devices 1.6. Area of Inquiry 2. Literature Survey 2.1. How does Blue Tooth work 2.2. Seven Protocols of Blue Tooth 2.3. Radio Protocol 2.4. Base Band Protocol 2.5. Link Manager Protocol 2.6. Host Controller Interface 2.7. Logical Link Control and Adaption Layer Protocol 2.8. RFCOMM 2.9. Service Discovery Protocol 2.10. 2.11. Profiles Summary 1

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3. Blue Tooth Security Standards 3.1. Wireless Security 3.2. Four Essentials of Security 3.3. How Blue Tooth Ensures Security 3.4. Blue Tooth SIG Recommendation 3.5. SDP Issues 3.6. Example 3.7. Known Attacks 3.8. Security Conclusion 3.9. 4. Interfacing of Blue Tooth and Other Devices 4.1. Same Frequencies ii 19

4.2. How 802.11 Works? 4.3. Collisions 4.4. Impact on Performance 5. Results And Future Scope 5.1 Results 5.2 Future 6. Blue Tooth Ad Hoc Networks Through the Use of Scatter nets 6.1 Requirements 6.2 Scatter Nets 6.3 Intra Pico nets and Inter Pico nets Scheduling 6.4 Packet Forwarding 6.5 The Future 7. CONCLUSION 7.1 New Technologies 7.2 Blue Tooths Advantages 7.3 Blue Tooths Disadvantages 7.4 Blue Tooth Development 7.5 Conclusion REFERENCES 24

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LIST OF FIGURES
Fig 1.1 Example of Blue Tooth Devices Fig 2.1 Blue Tooth Protocol Stack Fig 2.2 Frequency Modulation Fig 2.3 Standard Packet Format Fig 2.4 List of All Types of Packets and Their Data Rates Fig 5.1 Wi-Fi Throughput With Blue Tooth Interface Fig 5.2 Wi-Fi Throughput Without Blue Tooth Interface 22 22 7 9 9 3 6

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