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Power Quality Solutions by EPCOS

Switching techniques
TSM Thyristor switch

Dynamic PFC
Dynamic PFC is Power factor correction featuring a suitable fast power factor controller (BR6000T) an electronic thyristor switching module (TSM) to achieve: Transient-free switching Power Factor Correction with high switching frequency Minimal reaction-time (< 20 ms) No wear out Enhancement of power quality Motor start-up compensation
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Application example
Chinas largest shipyard 7 Mvar EPCOS dyn. PFC installed! Welding

Cranes

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Dynamic PFC Product Overview

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Dynamic PFC: design basics


GRID LOAD
Super fast fuses Real time Power factor controller Thyristor module TSM Reactors Discharge Resistors

Capacitors

Reaction-time: < 20 ms
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Multi-stage DYNAMIC PFC network

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Switching basics

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Thyristor switch versus solid state relays

A solid state relays is no dynamic PFC solution! Solid state are switching in voltage zero Every time you have to discharge completely to voltage zero!

More time Additional stress for the caps In case of EPCOS TSM no completely discharge is needed!

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Soft switching without high inrush currents


Normal contactors EPCOS TSM thyristor switch

3500A inrush current! 157 times nominal current!


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Almost Zero delay time ULTRA FAST switching No inrush current!!

Key component TSM-LC thristor switch


Fast electronically controlled self observing thyristor switch Available for capacitive loads of up to 10, 25 & 50 kvar Suitable for dynamic PFC-systems in 380 V and 440 V grids Micro-processor controlled alignment to tuned or de-tuned capacitor branches (up to 14 %) for optimized switching behaviour No system perturbation due to switching operations (transients) Switching without delay (real time PFC) Long, useful and maintenance free service life No noise emission during switching operation Compact module ready for connection Front plate with operation and error message display Optimized heat sinks

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Key component BR6000T


6 or 12 fast transistor switching outputs for thyristors, 1 error message output Display of various line parameters (V, I, F, Q, P, S) 20 pre-programmed control series and manual control series editor Intelligent switching No-voltage turn-off Manual / automatic operation Complete menu-guided operation and display Four-quadrant operation Extensive programming options (fault detection and output, skipping outputs, fixed stages, etc.)

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Key component discharge resistor EW22

Consists of two single resistors, 22 k each Standard resistors may only be used in
systems without reactors!

The usage of fast discharge reactors is not


possible!

Usable for thyristor switches LC25, LC50 and


LC200

Characteristics: Power: 2 x 50 W Voltage: 1200 V


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Summary dynamic PFC


Benefits of dynamic PFC Elimination of reactive power for slow and fast fluctuating loads Investment reduction due to cutting-off of peak loads (distribution equipment, cable cross section, etc) Power Quality: avoiding of transients & voltage drops Fast switching without delay time for discharging (< 20 ms) thus high duty cycles Stabilizing of grid voltage (avoiding of voltage drops), therefore improvement of production processes in terms of quality and time Increase of life time and long term performance of: Switches (due to an unlimited number of thyristor switching operations) Capacitors (due to smooth switching without transients)
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Application: Automotive

Application Automotive: Benefits

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Application Automotive: Benefits

Load peaks eliminated Better utilization of distribution equipment

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Application: Motor startup

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Application - Motor Startup: Benefits

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Application - Motor Startup: Benefits

Voltage

With Without

Current

Without

With

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Application - Motor Startup: Benefits

Reduction of current peaks Voltage stabilization Reduced voltage drop Stabilization of processes Load peaks eliminated (e.g. peak demand meters) Higher utilization of distribution equipment
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Application: Welding

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Application - Welding: Benefits

7V

With Dynamic PFC


22 V

w/o Dynamic PFC

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Application - Welding: Benefits

Voltage stabilization Reduced voltage drop Improved power reliability Enhanced welding quality Due to higher voltage shorter process times

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Application: Elevators

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Application - Elevators: Benefits

Voltage

With Without

Without Current

With

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Application - Elevators: Benefits

Overall improved Power Quality Peak demand elimination Avoiding of flicker phenomena Reduction of electricity bill Avoiding PFC penalty

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Application: Cranes

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Application - Cranes: Benefits

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Application - Cranes: Benefits

Reduction of cable size down to the cranes Reducing voltage drop on long cable distances Enhanced utilization of distribution equipment Sometimes reduced investment due to reduced
sizing of distribution equipment

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Application: Wind energy

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THD-V in general

THDV

Voltage

With

Without

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THD-I in general

THDI

Current

With

Without

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Peak performance through great partnerships


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Thank you for your attention!