Data sheets
Arrange information
Rows (i)
Columns (j)
Rectangular (also squared)
Row vector / column vector
B = b1, b2, b3,,bn
C= c1
c2
cn
Zero Matrix
A= 0
A=( 0 0 0)
A= 0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
Diagonal Matrix
All zeros except the diagonal
A11,a22,a33,,ann
10 0 0
0 20 0
0 0 30
Principal or main matrix
Matrix multiplication
Whenever we want to multiply two matrix ,
the number of columns in the first matrix
should be the same as the number of rows in
the second matrix.
A B = AB
m x n n x p m x p
5 0 3
2 1 2
 

\ .
2 4
1 1
3 2
 



\ .
1 14
11 13
 

\ .
=
4 5
1 7
 

\ .
4 5
1 7
 

\ .
1 0
0 1
 

\ .
=
Identity Matrix
Matrix A times = A
1 0
0 1
 

\ .
1 0
0 1
 

\ .
How do we multiply scalar by
a matrix?
Example:
Matrix A = ( 7 3 10 )
a= 5 b= 2
A*a = a*A = ?
A = ( 2 1 3) B = 2
5
4
AB= ?
BA=?
Commutative?
A= B=
AB = ?
BA= ?
3 6
5 2
 

\ .
2 3
1 5
 

\ .
A= B=
AB= ?
BA= ?
2 6
5 1
 

\ .
3 6
5 2
 

\ .
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Matrix inverse
A square matrix B is the inverse of a square
matrix A if AB = BA = I , where I is the identity
matrix.
B = A
1
How to obtain the inverse
for a 2x2 squared Matrix
If and
and we know that AA
1
= I, it means that
a b
A
c d
 
=

\ .
1
e f
A
g h
 
=

\ .
1 0
0 1
a b e f
c d g h
    
=
  
\ .\ . \ .
1 0
0 1
ae bg af bh
ce dg cf dh
+ +
   
=
 
+ +
\ . \ .
ae + bg =1
ce + dg = 0
af + bh = 0
cf + dh = 1
d
e
ad bc
=
c
g
ad bc
b
f
ad bc
a
h
ad bc
=
1
d b
ad bc ad bc
A
c a
ad bc ad bc
 

=



\ .
1
1
d b
A
c a ad bc
 
=

\ .
Determinant
Determinant = ad bc
If the Determinant = 0, the Matrix has no
inverse.
Examples
2
2 1
a
M
 
=

\ .
2
) ? a M =
2
5 4
)
4 5
b M
 
=

\ .
? a =
Examples
5 2
2 0
11 2
44 8
?
A
BA
B
 
=

\ .
 
=

\ .
=
1 3
4 12
B
 
=

\ .
Systems of linear equations
2x+3y=3
xy=4
2 3
1 1
 

\ .
x
y
 

\ .
3
4
 
=

\ .
A X = C
X = A
1
C
Exercise
6x 2y= 14
3x+4y=2
Example
It doesnt matter the size of the Matrix (but
must be squared).
Determinant for a 3x3 Matrix
det A = a( e i  f h ) b ( d i f g ) + c ( d h e g )
where
a b c
A d e f
g h i
 

=


\ .
e.g.
x+2y+3z=5
y+4z=2
5x+6y=5
x
y
z
 



\ .
5
2
5
 

=


\ .
X = A
1
C



.

\

=
0 6 5
4 1 0
3 2 1
A
A
1
=___1___ * adj(A
T
)
det (A)
Transponse of A, Adjugate of A
T
times the 1
over determinant of A.



.

\

1 4 5
4 15 20
5 18 24
1
A
Quiz #1
Remember there will be a short
quiz the next Thursday 16
th
.
math3cideb2012.blogspot.mx
HOMEWORK >:)
Research how to obtain the determinant
for a 3x3 Matrix, in other words, how do we
obtain :
det A = a( e i  f h ) b ( d i f g ) + c ( d h e g ).
Research how to obtain the adjugate matrix (3x3).
Just write it down, you dont have to hand it in.