38 views

Uploaded by Roberto Gabriel Conrado Capulong

- Plot 692 Block 214 Kisasi Residential House-beamdes
- DC-Cat
- civil3-8
- Mechanics of Solids (1)
- Review
- CH7 - Design for Shear Loads
- Bending Theory 2013x
- Programa Diseño Puentes
- Steel Structure
- Design of Water Tank-311207
- Lecture 17
- RACSOT
- Paper on Calculating Loads on Suspension System
- CFD-ACI-318-08.pdf
- a (7)
- LRFD - Design - Bridge - Structures - Federal Highway Administration8
- Som(3rd)May2011
- Stress Analysis Bulkhead
- Principles of RCC 2
- Carrera 2010

You are on page 1of 43

Another type of beam failure other than bending is shear failure. Shear failures are very dangerous especially if it happens before flexure failure because they can occur without warning. To avoid shear failure, the Code provides permissible shear values that have larger safety factors compared to bending failure, thus ensuring ductile type of failure.

Shear failures on location of the load applied relative to the nearest reaction, known as the shear span. Shear failure may be (a) diagonal tension failure, (b) shearcompression failure, and (c) splitting or true shear failure.

Diagonal tension failure usually occur when the shear span is greater than 3d or 4d.

Splitting failure occurs when the shear span is less than the effective depth d.

For a beam with no web reinforcement, the shearing force that causes the first diagonal cracking can be taken as the shear capacity of the beam. For a beam that does contain web reinforcement, the concrete is assumed to carry a constant amount of shear force Vc, and the web reinforcement need only be designed for the shear force Vs in excess of that carried by the concrete, or

5.11.3.1 Shear strength V, shall be computed by provisions of Sec. 5.11.3.1.1 through 5.11 .3.1.4, unless a more detailed calculation is made in accordance with Sec. 5.11.3.2.

5.11.3.1.1 For members subject to shear and flexure only,

5.11.3.1.2 For members subject to axial compression.

When factored shear force Vu, exceeds strength Vc, shear reinforcement shall be provided to satisfy Eq. 4 - 1 and Eq. 4 - 2. The shear strength provided by the stirrups is given by the following but shall not be taken greater than

(c) When shear reinforcement consist of a single bar or a single group of parallel bars, all bent up at the same distance from the support,

According to Section 5.11.5.1 of the Code, shear reinforcement may consist of: a) stirrups perpendicular to axis of member, and b) welded wire fabric with wires located perpendicular to axis of member.

For nonprestressed members, shear reinforcement may also consist of: a) stirrups making an angle of 45 or more with longitudinal tension reinforcement, b) longitudinal reinforcement with bent portion making an angle of 30 or more with the longitudinal tension reinforcement, c) combinations of stirrups and bent longitudinal reinforcement, and d) spirals.

According to Section 5.11.5.4 of the Code, the spacing s of shear reinforcement placed perpendicular to axis of members shall not exceed d/2 in nonprestressed members and (3/4)h in prestressed members, nor 600 mm. Inclined stirrups and bent longitudinal reinforcement shall be so spaced that every 45 line, extending toward the reaction from middepth of member d/2 to longitudinal tension reinforcement, shall be crossed by at least one line of shear reinforcement

According to Section 5.11.5.5 of the Code, a minimum area of shear reinforcement shall be provided in all reinforced concrete flexural members (prestressed and nonprestressed) where factored shear force Vu, exceeds one-half the shear strength provided by concrete Vc, except: (a) Slabs and footings (b) Concrete joist construction defined by Sec. 5.8.11 (c) Beams with total depth not greater than 250 mm, 2- times thickness of flange, or the width of web, whichever is greatest.

Where shear reinforcement is required, the minimum area of shear reinforcement shall be computed by .

1. For non-prestressed members, sections located less then a distance d from face of support may be designed for the same shear Vu as that computed at a distance d.

2. For prestressed member, sections located less than a distance h/2 from face of support may be designed for the same shear V, as that computed at a distance h/2.

Reaction at support Vu

L/2

Determine the minimum cross section required for a rectangular beam from a shear standpoint so that no web reinforcement is required by the Code if Vu = 168 kN and fc = 27.6 MPa. Use Vc=1/6 fc bd. Assume d= 1.75b.

Given: Vu = 168 kN fc = 27.6 Mpa Vc=1/6 fc bd. d= 1.75b Reqd: Determine the minimum cross section required for a rectangular beam

Vc = 0.85 Vc

But d=1.75b

Computing for d:

A reinforced concrete beam pas the following properties: Beam width, b = 320 mm Effective depth, d = 640 mm Concrete strength, fc= 25 MPa; Reinforcing steel strength, fy= 400 MPA, If the factored shear force at the critical section is 200,000 N, compute the nominal shear carried by the shear reinforcement according to the ACI Specifications: Hint: Vc=1/6 times the square root of fc times b times d. Use = 0.85.

Given: b = 320 mm d = 640 mm fc= 25 MPa; fy= 400 MPA, Vu=200,000 N Vc=1/6fc bd = 0.85.

Reqd: Vs=?

Vn = Vc+ Vs

compute Vs:

235,294 = 170,667 + Vs

Vs = 64,627N

The required stirrup spacing for a 10 mm diameter ties in a reinforced concrete beam with effective beam depth of 800 mm to carry the net shear of 83.8 kN, if fy=200MPa, is nearest to:

But Vs=83.8 kN

SOLUTION Substituting to s: The required stirrup spacing is given by the formula: s=Avfyd Vs

Note: We cannot check for maximum spacing because bw is not given.

s=Avfyd Vs

A simply supported reinforced concrete beam with a width b of 230 mm and an effective depth d of 500 mm has a span of 6m. The beam carries a live load of 18 kN/m and a dead load of 9 kN/m including its own weight. Using 10-mm diameter stirrups, determine the required spacing near the support. Assume fy = 345 MPa and fc = 28MPa.

Given: b= 230 mm d=500 mm L= 6m live load= 18 kN/m dead load= 9 kN/m including its own weight. s = 10-mm, fy = 345 MPa fc = 28MPa

According to section 5.11.1.3.1 of NSCP, sections located less than a distance d from the face of support may be designed for the same shear V, as that computed at a distance d.

SOLUTION: Compute wu: wu = 1.4DL + 1.7LL wu = 1.4(9) + 1.7(18) wu = 43.20 kN/m Compute Reaction R: R =wuL/2 R = 43.2(6)/2 R= 129.6kN

Vu

at

Compute concrete Shear strength Vc: Compute Vc: Vc =0.85(101.42kN) = 86.207 kN

Vc = 1/6 fc bwd Vc = 1/6 28 (230)(500) Since Vu = 108kN > Vc=86.207 kN web reinforcement is Vc = 101,420 N necessary. Vc =101.42 kN

Compute nominal Check if the beam size is Shear strength Vn and adequate for the required steel shear strength Vs: shear: Vn Vn =Vc + Vs = Vu/ =108/0.85 =127.06

Since

Smax = d/2 = 500/2 = 250 mm or Smax= 600mm

> Vs

> Vs

- Plot 692 Block 214 Kisasi Residential House-beamdesUploaded byakankwasa
- DC-CatUploaded byBill Erick Castillo
- civil3-8Uploaded byrnjtyadav5
- Mechanics of Solids (1)Uploaded byAyush Singh
- ReviewUploaded byDebabrata Nag
- CH7 - Design for Shear LoadsUploaded byjekabsj
- Bending Theory 2013xUploaded byOmaidTanha
- Programa Diseño PuentesUploaded byMáu Mori
- Steel StructureUploaded byamirthraj74
- Design of Water Tank-311207Uploaded byUttam Kumar Ghosh
- Lecture 17Uploaded bySabareesh Kumar
- RACSOTUploaded byIonutRacanel
- Paper on Calculating Loads on Suspension SystemUploaded byAbhishek yadav
- CFD-ACI-318-08.pdfUploaded byEmanuelRodriguezElera
- a (7)Uploaded byihpeter
- LRFD - Design - Bridge - Structures - Federal Highway Administration8Uploaded byDiane Mahal KO
- Som(3rd)May2011Uploaded byAman Bansal
- Stress Analysis BulkheadUploaded byபிரபாகரன் ஆறுமுகம்
- Principles of RCC 2Uploaded byprashmce
- Carrera 2010Uploaded byDeepak Mahapatra
- Other-1942913Uploaded byali381
- AP PGECET Civil Engg 2015 Question Paper & Answer Key DownloadUploaded bypavani
- Crowder+-+Structural+1+Fall+2010Uploaded byChris Swartz
- SOMUploaded byrrameshsmit
- 87822_tocUploaded bycleverstaadpro
- Module 1_3_W_1D Workbench distributed.pdfUploaded byrhshihab
- Forces in BeamsUploaded byTori Rodriquez
- Load Transfer at Joints of Industrial Floors an Empirical EmphasisUploaded byAnonymous I8nZsDqlmh
- GATE CivilEng QuestionpaperUploaded byramya
- NS22-1cncrtdesignUploaded byFlavia

- laporanUploaded byKaton Awang wijaya
- Ultimaker Heated BedUploaded byEymerichPDF
- CHAPTER 3Uploaded byZim Shah
- DPCV132-rev01.pdfUploaded byMuhammad Ridwan
- Arab Oil Naturalgas.com Crude Oil Storage TanksUploaded byWael_Barakat_3179
- 000 Diseño por Capacidad - 2003 - Myths and Fallacies in Earthquake Engineering - Priestley pag20Uploaded byRoberto Urrutia
- IRC-58-2002Uploaded byHari Prasad Paruchuri
- Mathcad - Pile Cap Design2.pdfUploaded byVictorAndresCamposCampos
- Aliran Inkompresibel Pada AirfoilUploaded byrevandifitro
- Engine ElectricalUploaded byCARLOS BROCA PEREZ
- Mwm Gas Engine Tcg2020 EnUploaded byPankaj Kamble
- 7_ PMI & EDS (January 2010).pdfUploaded byStanca Radu
- starbus-ultra.pdfUploaded byHarshal Dhanawade
- Catalogo Termometro Bimetalico[1]Uploaded byNahbi Emilio Perez
- 4140281_D475-D466-CHASSIS_PMUploaded byMahmmod Al-Qawasmeh
- How to Tune an Engine the Right WayUploaded bydx3258
- 2 FRICTIN ROUGH INCLINED PLANEUploaded byRAMAKANT RANA
- ConaxUploaded byakramhomri
- DCU UnitUploaded byrahult19
- 1 - Rotary Valves Al D-mzcUploaded byharis
- optimal design of the intake system in 4-S I.C.EUploaded byYusuf Khan
- Assignment 8 SolutionUploaded bySrinivas Share
- qsp_chapter7-boltzmanasdUploaded bymasoud
- Quint 8 ClassUploaded bytyler2403
- COP AND EERUploaded byطاہر رضا
- coker ball valve of velan.pdfUploaded bymujeebtalib
- Inspection Report at PckUploaded bychiehchu
- Liner packerUploaded byAnte
- P Delta EffectUploaded byShyam Awal
- Rev 17Uploaded byMladen Tomic