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PID ANALYZERS, LLC

INTRODUCTION
The Model 108 is a 3 or 4 gas analyzer Dual beam IR sensor for CO2 (0-100%) Dual beam IR sensor for CH4 (0-100%) Electrochemical sensor for O2 (acidic electrolyte) (0-100%) Balance Gas or Electrochemical sensor for H2S (0 2,000 ppm) It has internal data logging capability (>7000 pts) with downloading SW in ASCII format Two point cal for each sensor Internal pump Easy to use/easy to train Simple sampling system for water removal (optional)

PID ANALYZERS, LLC

IR SENSOR SCHEMATIC
IR SENSOR S C H E M AT I C P H O TO O F C O M PA C T L F G A N A LY Z E R

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IR SPECTRUM FOR CO2


IR SPECTRUM OF CO2
DUAL BEAM IR (M)EAS. & ( R ) E F. W AV E L E N G T H S

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IR SPECTRUM FOR CH4


IR SPECTRUM CH4

DUAL BEAM IR ( M ) E A S . & ( R ) E F. W AV E L E N G T H S

PID ANALYZERS, LLC

ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSORS
O X Y G E N ( O 2) HYDROGEN SULFIDE ( H 2S ) O P T I O N

Acidic electrolyte Cathode: O2 + 4H+ = 4e- + 2H2O Anode: 2Pb 2Pb+2 + 4eOverall: O2 + 4H+ + 2Pb = 2H2O + 2Pb+2 Lifetime: 4 years

Oxidation Rxn.:

H2S + 4 H2O =
H2SO4 + 8H+ +8e-

PID ANALYZERS, LLC

COMPOSITION OF LANDFILL GAS/BIOGAS


LANDFILL GAS
Compound Methane Carbon dioxide Nitrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen sulfide Oxygen Chem CH4 CO2 N2 H2 % 45-60 40-60 2-5 00.2 Compound Methane Carbon dioxide Nitrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen sulfide Oxygen

BIOGAS
Chem CH4 CO2 N2 H2 % 5075 2550 010 01

H2 S
O2

01
0.1-1

H2 S
O2

03
02

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RECOMMENDED CALIBRATION GAS (%)


CH4 40 CO2 40 O2 2 Balance N2

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BALANCE GAS
The Model 108 has software that measures & calculates the balance gas on a continuous basis: Balance gas = 100% - ( % CH4+% CO2 + %O2) OR The fourth position can be used for an electrochemical sensor such as H2S

PID ANALYZERS, LLC

SAMPLING CONSIDERATIONS
Gas Temperature-Samples must be cooled down to near ambient temperatures for optimum measurements from the sensors

Particulate- a filter is necessary to remove particulate to prevent clogging of lines, fouling the sensors & pump
Moisture- must be removed to prevent loss of sample gases and fouling of optical sensors

An optional sampling probe is available from PID Analyzers, LLC

PID ANALYZERS, LLC

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60

Landfill Gas Measurements

50

40 CH4 CO2 O2 20

30

Bal

10

0 1 2 3 4 5 Sample # 6 7 8 9 10

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WHAT IS REQUIRED FOR MONITORING?


FUEL Monitoring: S compounds, Nitrogen compounds Composition for BTU Methane emissions

Check with Lacey Barnstable County Heath Dept.

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WHAT ELSE CAN BE USED FOR MONITORING? A PORTABLE GAS CHROMATOGRAPH


GC312 S P E C I F I C AT I O N S
Portable GC 312 Specs Battery operated 6-8 hours Refillable carrier gas Integral PC with PeakWorks Software/peak & data storage; reintegration Display- color VGA with touch screen Temp control 35-125oC Weight 27# Dual detector capability DETECTOR APPLICATIONS TCD- for analysis of CH4, O2, N2, CO2, CO FID for CH4 and NMOC PID for Silicon compounds

GC312

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SUMMARY
The 108 is the ideal analyzer for checking landfill gas Calibrate the analyzer before and after the landfill gas measurements Be sure to use sampling probe to remove water and particulate

Download the data to the PC using the software provided with the analyzer

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