You are on page 1of 35

PRESENTED BYPuneet kakkar Faraz ali khan Mayank gangwar Hazi rizwan Faiz ali Amit bhatt Harvinder

singh

Contents

CUBE

CUBOID

CYLINDER

CONE

SPHERE

HEMISPHERE

FRUSTUM OF CONE

See and appreciate first the following pictures. Be amazed and have fun!

See how strange are they? That is how geometry is applied.

Geometric Solids in Three Dimensions

Height

Length

Width

SURFACES OF A CUBE

Cube

L L L

Volume = Base area x height =LxLxL = L3

Curved surface Area=2LXL + 2LXL =4L


2

Total surface area = 2LxL + 2LxL + 2LxL = 6L2

Why the farmers in Japan grow watermelons in the shape of cube?

Why the farmers of Japan grew watermelons in the shape of cube?


Storage

Huge Watermelons in cube shape facilitates efficient storage and refrigeration!! Good enough! For the same reason our tea pack and match box come in this shape.

Friendly shapes !!

godly shapes !!

Cuboid
Top Side 2 Back Front Bottom Breadth (B) Length (L) Side 1 Height (H)

TOP

CUBOID

BACK

LEFT

FRONT BASE

RIGHT

VOLUME OF CUBOID = Length x Breadth x Height = LBH

CSA OF CUBOID = 2 Height [Length + breadth] = 2h[l+b]

TSA OF CUBOID= 2[ LB + BH + HL]

LET DIMENSIONS OF CUBOID BELength= 3cm Breadth= 2cm Height= 3cm

Therefore volume of this cuboid=LXBXH

=3cm X 2cm X 3cm


= 18 cubic cm. this volume is also equals to= 18 x volume of cube of side 1cm H= 3cm B=2cm

Outer Curved Surface area of cylinder

Click to animate

r r

Activity -: Keep bangles of same radius one over another. It will form a cylinder.

Circumference of circle = 2 r

Formation of Cylinder by bangles

It is the area covered by the outer surface of a cylinder. Circumference of circle = 2 r Area covered by cylinder = Surface area of of cylinder = (2 r) x( h)

Total Surface area of a solid cylinder

circular surfaces

Curved surface

Area of curved surface +

area of two circular surfaces

=(2 r) x( h) + 2 r2
= 2 r( h+ r)

Volume of cylinder

r r

Area= r2

Volume of cylinder = Area of base x vertical height


= r2 X h

Surface area of cone

h Base r

l l

2r 2r

Surface area of cone


l

2r
l

CSA OF CONE = r l TSA OF CONE= r l + r2

2r

Volume of a Cone

Click to See the experiment

Here the vertical height and radius of cylinder & cone are same.

r 3( volume of cone) = volume of cylinder 3( V ) V = 1/3 r2h = r2h

Mr. Mohan has only a little jar of juice he wants to distribute it to his three friends. This time he choose the cone shaped glass so that quantity of juice seem to appreciable.

Volume of a Sphere

Click to See the experiment

h=r
r Here the vertical height and radius of cone are same as radius of sphere. r 4( volume of cone) = volume of Sphere 4( 1/3r2h ) = 4( 1/3r3 ) = V V = 4/3 r3

BUCKETS are frustum of cone

Combination of some 3d figures

A funnel is combination of two Frustums Or a frustum and a cylinder..

A shuttle cock is combination Of a frustum and a hemishere

Rocket is a combination of cone and cylinder

Football is in the form of sphere

Bowls are in the form Of hemisphere..