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Parity

8 data bits
S D

1 parity bit

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Adding RAM to a System

88 pins

60 pins 20 pins

S D

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CPUs

S D

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A Heat Sink

S D

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Intel CPUs

CPU Pentium Pentium Pro Pentium with MMX Pentium II Pentium II Xeon Celeron Pentium III Pentium III Xeon
S D

Core Speed 75-200 MHz 150-200 MHz 150-266 MHz 233-400 MHz 400-450 MHz 266 MHz- 2 GHz 533 MHz- 2 GHz 500 MHz 1.4 GHz 1.38 8 GHz 1.42 8 GHz

Bus Speed 50-66 MHz 60-66 MHz 66 MHz 66-100 MHz 100 MHz 66-400 MHz 66-400 MHz 100-133 MHz 400-533 MHz 400 MHz

Pentium 4 Xeon

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Several Examples of CPU Sockets

Socket 4

Socket 5

Socket 7

Socket 8

S D

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Slot 1 (For SECC Packaging)

S D

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A ZIF Socket

S D

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A Power Supply
Socket for power cord Voltage switch

External view Power switch Fan

S D

Wires from the power supply to the motherboard and drives

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Internal view
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System Board Power Supply Connectors

Notch for keyed connector

A single keyed connector

P8

S D

P9 A pair of connectors
Copyright 2003 Element K Content LLC. All rights reserved.

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Drive Power Connectors

Molex connectors for IDE and SCSI drives

Berg connector for floppy drive

S D

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A System Board with a Daughter Board

Daughter board

System board or Motherboard

S D

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A System Board without a Daughter Board


Expansion slots
AGP slot Ports

CPU

RAM

S D

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Drive interfaces

Copyright 2003 Element K Content LLC. All rights reserved.

Full-size AT System Board


Power connector (ATX)

SDRAM slots

Keyboard connector

AGP slot

Chipset

PCI slot ZIF socket

ISA slot
S D

BIOS chip AT socket 7 motherboard OV 3 - 14


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Baby AT System Board

REAR

Keyboard connector Power connector

Peripheral connectors PCI/ISA slots

CPU
S D

FRONT

Memory slots

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LPX System Board

REAR

PCI/ISA slots on riser

Memory slots

Peripheral connectors

LPX
S D

FRONT

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ATX System Board

REAR

I/O connector

CPU
Power connector PCI/ISA slots Memory slots

FRONT
S D

Peripheral connectors

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NLX System Board

Power connector Peripheral connectors

FRONT
PCI/ISA slots Memory slots CPU

AGP port

REAR

S D

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System Case Enclosure Styles

SD

SD

SD

REMOTEACCESS SERVER 5 40 8

Full-size tower
S D

Mid-size tower

Micro-size tower

Desktop

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A Generic ATX System Board


Integrated ISA and PCI slots: The audio chipset middle slots usually share Joystick the main backplane AGP slot port 25-pin parallel port connector, plus two 9-pin serial port connectors PS/2 mouse and keyboard connectors

Intel BX chipset

USB connector Slot 1 connector for Pentium II or Celeron CPU

Flash BIOS

DIMM sockets

ATX power supply Lithium backup battery Ultra SCSI connector UltraWide SCSI UltraDMA EIDE Floppy drive connector connectors connector

S D

Adapter AIC 7880 SCSI chipset

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Copyright 2003 Element K Content LLC. All rights reserved.