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Applications of Trigonometry Submitted by Dipika chauhan Roll no 30
Applications of Trigonometry Submitted by Dipika chauhan Roll no 30
Applications of Trigonometry Submitted by Dipika chauhan Roll no 30
Applications of Trigonometry Submitted by Dipika chauhan Roll no 30

Applications of

Trigonometry

Submitted by

Dipika chauhan Roll no 30

What is Trigonometry? O Trigonometry is a methodology for finding some unknown elements of a triangle
What is Trigonometry?
O Trigonometry is a methodology for finding some unknown
elements of a triangle provided the data includes a sufficient
amount of linear and angular measurements to define a
shape uniquely.
O
For example, two sides a and b of a triangle and the angle
they include define the triangle uniquely. The third side c
can then be found from the Law of Cosines while the angles
α and β are determined from the Law of Sines.
O Trigonometry
is
derived
from
Greek
words
trigōnon,
meaning "triangle" and metron, meaning "measure“.

History of Trigonometry

The Babylonian astronomers (1900 BC) kept detailed records on the rising and

setting of stars, the motion of the

planets, and

the

solar

and lunar

eclipses, all of which required familiarity

with angular distances measured on the

celestial sphere. Some have even asserted that the ancient Babylonians had a table of secants.

The Egyptians used a primitive form of trigonometry for building pyramids in the 2nd millennium BC.

History of Trigonometry • The Babylonian astronomers (1900 BC) kept detailed records on the rising and
History of Trigonometry • The Babylonian astronomers (1900 BC) kept detailed records on the rising and

The next significant developments of trigonometry were in India. Influential works from the 4th5th century, known as the Siddhantas first defined the sine as the modern relationship between half an angle and half a chord, while also defining the cosine, versine, and inverse sine.

Soon afterwards, another Indian mathematician and astronomer, Aryabhata , collected and expanded

upon the developments in his work, Aryabhatiya.

The Siddhantas and the Aryabhatiya contain the earliest surviving tables of sine values and versine (1 cosine) values.

• The next significant developments of trigonometry were in India. Influential works from the 4th –
Trigonometry Formulae & their Full forms…… ..  Sin(sine) - perpendicular/hypotenuse  Cos(cosine)- base/hypotenuse  Tan(tangent)-

Trigonometry Formulae & their Full

forms…… ..

Trigonometry Formulae & their Full forms…… ..  Sin(sine) - perpendicular/hypotenuse  Cos(cosine)- base/hypotenuse  Tan(tangent)-
Trigonometry Formulae & their Full forms…… ..  Sin(sine) - perpendicular/hypotenuse  Cos(cosine)- base/hypotenuse  Tan(tangent)-
Trigonometry Formulae & their Full forms…… ..  Sin(sine) - perpendicular/hypotenuse  Cos(cosine)- base/hypotenuse  Tan(tangent)-
Trigonometry Formulae & their Full forms…… ..  Sin(sine) - perpendicular/hypotenuse  Cos(cosine)- base/hypotenuse  Tan(tangent)-

Sin(sine)-perpendicular/hypotenuse

Cos(cosine)-base/hypotenuse

Tan(tangent)-perpendicular/base

Cosec(cosecant)-

hypotenuse/perpendicular

Sec(secant)-hypotenuse/base

Cot(cotangent)-base/perpendicular

Trigonometry Formulae & their Full forms…… ..  Sin(sine) - perpendicular/hypotenuse  Cos(cosine)- base/hypotenuse  Tan(tangent)-
Applications of Trigonometry
Applications of Trigonometry

There is an enormous number of applications of trigonometry and trigonometric functions. For instance, the technique of triangulation is used in astronomy to measure the distance to nearby stars, in geography to measure distances between landmarks, and in satellite navigation systems. The sine and cosine functions are fundamental to the theory of periodic functions such as those that describe sound and light waves.

In the following slides,

we will

learn

what

is

line

of sight,

angle

of

elevation, angle of depression, and also solve some problems related

to trigonometry using trigonometric ratios.

Applications of Trigonometry • There is an enormous number of applications of trigonometry and trigonometric functions.
Line of Sight Suppose a boy is looking at a bird on a tree, so the
Line of Sight
Suppose a boy is looking at a bird on a tree, so the
line joining the eye of the boy and the bird is called
the Line of Sight.
Angle of Elevation Angle of Elevation Lets take the same case again that a boy is
Angle of Elevation
Angle of Elevation
Lets take the same case again that a boy is looking at
a bird on a tree. The angle which the line of sight
makes with a horizontal line drawn away from the
eyes is called the angle of elevation.
Angle of Depression Angle of Depression Now if we consider that the bird is looking at
Angle of Depression
Angle of Depression
Now if we consider that the bird is looking at the boy,
then the angle between the bird’s line of sight and
horizontal line drawn from its eyes is called the Angle
of Depression.
Lets now solve some examples… O Following are some very simple examples of the application of
Lets now solve some
examples…
O Following are some very simple examples of the
application of trigonometry.
O In the first example, you have to find the distance of
a man from the building as well as the distance
between him and the top of the tower.
O In the second example, you have to find
Examples… O A man is standing at a distance from a building of height 30 m.
Examples…
O
A man is standing at a distance from a building of height 30 m. The
angle of elevation from the man’s eyes to the top of the tower is 45
degrees. Find the distance of the man from the building as well as the
distance between him and the top of the tower.
A
30
m
45˚
C
B
(man)
O Distance (BC)  tan45˚ = 1 = AB/BC = 30/BC  BC = 30 m
O Distance (BC)
tan45˚ = 1 = AB/BC = 30/BC
BC = 30 m
Therefore, the distance between the man and the tower is 30
meters.
O Now, Finding AC
sin45˚ = 1/√2 = 30/AC
AC = 30 √2 meters
Thus, the distance between the man and the top of the tower is 30
√2 meters.
O A man in a car is looking at the top of a tree, which is
O
A man in a car is looking at the top of a tree, which is 40 m
from him. Find the distance between the man and the top of
the tree, if the angle of elevation is 30 degrees.
A
30˚
C
(car)
B
40 m
cos30˚ = √3 / 2 = 40 / AC
AC = 80 / √3
Therefore, distance between the man and the top of the tree is 80 / √3
meters.