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# Dipika chauhan Roll no 30

What is Trigonometry?
O Trigonometry is a methodology for finding some unknown
elements of a triangle provided the data includes a sufficient
amount of linear and angular measurements to define a
shape uniquely.
O
For example, two sides a and b of a triangle and the angle
they include define the triangle uniquely. The third side c
can then be found from the Law of Cosines while the angles
α and β are determined from the Law of Sines.
O Trigonometry
is
derived
from
Greek
words
trigōnon,
meaning "triangle" and metron, meaning "measure“.

# Cot(cotangent)-base/perpendicular

Applications of Trigonometry

# to trigonometry using trigonometric ratios.

Line of Sight
Suppose a boy is looking at a bird on a tree, so the
line joining the eye of the boy and the bird is called
the Line of Sight.
Angle of Elevation
Angle of Elevation
Lets take the same case again that a boy is looking at
a bird on a tree. The angle which the line of sight
makes with a horizontal line drawn away from the
eyes is called the angle of elevation.
Angle of Depression
Angle of Depression
Now if we consider that the bird is looking at the boy,
then the angle between the bird’s line of sight and
horizontal line drawn from its eyes is called the Angle
of Depression.
Lets now solve some
examples…
O Following are some very simple examples of the
application of trigonometry.
O In the first example, you have to find the distance of
a man from the building as well as the distance
between him and the top of the tower.
O In the second example, you have to find
Examples…
O
A man is standing at a distance from a building of height 30 m. The
angle of elevation from the man’s eyes to the top of the tower is 45
degrees. Find the distance of the man from the building as well as the
distance between him and the top of the tower.
A
30
m
45˚
C
B
(man)
O Distance (BC)
tan45˚ = 1 = AB/BC = 30/BC
BC = 30 m
Therefore, the distance between the man and the tower is 30
meters.
O Now, Finding AC
sin45˚ = 1/√2 = 30/AC
AC = 30 √2 meters
Thus, the distance between the man and the top of the tower is 30
√2 meters.
O
A man in a car is looking at the top of a tree, which is 40 m
from him. Find the distance between the man and the top of
the tree, if the angle of elevation is 30 degrees.
A
30˚
C
(car)
B
40 m
cos30˚ = √3 / 2 = 40 / AC
AC = 80 / √3
Therefore, distance between the man and the top of the tree is 80 / √3
meters.