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General Piping Material Specification

ROD INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT


Scope:
This Presentation covers the minimum requirements
for the design and selection of piping components
for piping systems designed for installation on the
ROD Integrated Development Project.
Selection of Piping Materials is based on :
1. Pressure and Temperature conditions of
service.
2. Mechanical Properties
3. Corrosive properties of the fluid
4. Type of Fluid
5. Weldability
6. Cost
Piping Materials can be classified as :
Metallic
Ferrous Non Ferrous
Carbon Steel Copper
Alloy Steel Lead
Stainless Steel Aluminium
Brass
Non Metallic
Glass
Rubber
PVC
Ceramics
Materials commonly used for Pipes :
API 5L Line Pipe.
A106 Seamless Carbon Steel Pipes for High Temp.
Services.
A312 Seamless and Welded Austenitic Steel Pipes.
A333 Seamless and Welded Steel Pipes for Low
Temperature Services.
A53 Welded and Seamless Pipe.
Materials commonly used for Valves :
A216 Carbon Steel castings
A351 Stainless Steel castings
A352 Alloy Steel Castings
A182 Forged Alloy Steel and Stainless Steel
A350 Forged Alloy Steel for Low Temperature Services
Materials commonly used for Fittings :
A234 Carbon Steel Fittings
A105 Forged Carbon Steel
A182 Forged Alloy Steel and Stainless Steel
A350 Forged Alloy Steel for Low Temperature Services

Influence of the Constituents on Steel :
Carbon
1. Increases Strength
2. Increases Elasticity
3. Increases Hardness
4. Lowers Ductility
5. Lowers Impact strength


Increase in carbon content lessens
the thermal & electrical conductivities
of steel.
Silicon
1. Prevents from becoming Porous
2. Resistance to oxidation
3. Prevents Blowholes
4. Makes steel Tougher and
Stronger
5. Increases electrical resistance
6. Adding Si. Reduces Creep
strength
Silicon increases the tensile strength
of steel without increasing the brittle-
ness when limited to less than 2%
Cont.
Influence of the Constituents on Steel :
Manganese
Mn is normally present in all steel.

1. Valuable Deoxidising agent
2. When used in low carbon
3. Steel, makes the metal more
4. Ductile and gives good
5. Bending properties.

Mn combines with S, thus improving
the Hot working characteristics.
Sulphur
Cont.
Sulphur is present in all steel (<0.04%)
1. Enhances Brittleness at elevated
temperature.
Induces Hot Shortness
Cracking during forming at high temp.

Presence of Sulphur affects
Unfavorably on
a. Tensile Strength
b. Fatigue Limit
c. Yield Point
d. Corrosion Resistance
Influence of the Constituents on Steel :
Phosphorous
In steel, it is normally controlled to less than 0.04%.

1. Increases the Tensile Strength
2. Reduces the Impact Strength and ductility
3. Improves the machinability
Effects of the Alloying Elements :
Nickel
1. Provides Toughness
2. Enhances Corrosion Resistance
3. Increases Hardness


Ni steels are easily hardened because
Ni lowers the critical cooling rate
necessary to produce hardness on
quenching.
Chromium
1. Enhances Corrosion Resistance
2. Increases Toughness
3. Increases Hardenability
4. Increases the oxidation resistance

Cr is essentially a hardening element
it is used with Ni.
Cont
Effects of the Alloying Elements :
Copper
1. Provides Strength
2. Resistance to atmospheric
corrosion and increases yield
strength
Boron
1. Increases Hardenability

It increases the depth of hardening
during quenching.
Cont
Effects of the Alloying Elements :
Molybdenum
1. Increases Hardenability
2. Increases Tensile and Creep
3. Strength at high temperature
Vanadium
1. Good Deoxidising Agent
Piping class Identification in ROD Project:

The Pipe Class Identification is based on the Piping Class
Unique Number, divided into two groups which identifies:

1. Flange Rating.
2. Material.


Flange Rating Identification:

A Flange Rating 150 lb ASME16.5
B Flange Rating 300 lb ASME16.5
C Flange Rating 600 lb ASME16.5
D Flange Rating 900 lb ASME16.5
E Flange Rating 1500 lb ASME16.5
F Flange Rating 2500 lb ASME16.5
T Special

Material Identification:


50 59 Carbon Steel
60 69 Low Temperature Carbon Steel
70 79 Stainless Steel
80 89 Other Materials
90 120 Pipelines

Piping Materials Codes in ROD :
A50
A52 (Galv.)
A53
A54
B50
B51
B52
Carbon Steel Low temp. Carbon
Steel
A60
B61
C60
C61
D60
E60
F60
Stainless Steel
A71
B70
C71
D70
E70
F80
A80
Piping Materials Codes in ROD :
Special
A90
C91
C92
C93
C94
C95
F90
F91
Pipeline
Pipe Materials :
1. API 5L Gr.B (CS) B36.10
2. API 5L Gr.B (Galv) (CS) B36.10
3. API 5L Gr.X60 (CS) API 5L
4. A333 Gr. 6 (LTCS) B36.10
5. A333 Gr. 3 (LTCS) B36.10
6. A312 TP316/316L (SS) B36.19
7. G.R.E. (Special) Manf. Std.

Material Type Dimensional Std.
Valves Materials : Carbon Steel
Valve Size Material Dimensional Std.
1. Gate < 2 A105 BS 5352
2. Gate > 2 A216 WCB API 600
3. Globe < 2 A105 BS 5352
4. Globe > 2 A216 WCB BS 1873
5. Ball < 2 A105 BS 5351
6. Ball > 2 A216 WCB API 6D
7. Check < 2 A105 BS 5352
8. Check > 2 A216 WCB API 594
9. Butterfly - Bronze API 609
Valves Materials : Stainless Steel
Valve Size Material Dimensional Std.
1. Gate < 2 A182 F316 BS 5352
2. Gate > 2 A351 CF8M API 600
3. Globe < 2 A182 F316 BS 5352
4. Globe > 2 A351 CF8M BS 1873
5. Ball < 2 A182 F316 BS 5351
6. Ball > 2 A351 CF8M API 6D
7. Check < 2 A182 F316 BS 5352
8. Check > 2 A351 CF8M API 594
Valves Materials : Low Temp Carbon Steel
Valve Size Material Dimensional Std.
1. Gate < 2 A350 Gr.LF2 BS 5352
2. Gate > 2 A352 LCC API 600
3. Globe < 2 A350 Gr.LF2 BS 5352
4. Globe > 2 A352 LCC BS 1873
5. Ball < 2 A350 Gr.LF2 BS 5351
6. Ball > 2 A352 LCC API 6D
7. Check < 2 A350 Gr.LF2 BS 5352
8. Check > 2 A352 LCC API 594
Flanges
Flange Size Material Dimensional Std.
1. Carbon steel < 24 A105 B 16.5
2. Carbon Steel > 24 A105 B 16.47
3. LTCS < 24 A350Gr.LF2 B 16.5
4. LTCS > 24 A350Gr.LF2 B 16.47
5. SS < 24 A182 F316 B 16.5
6. SS > 24 A182 F316 B 16.47
Fittings
Fittings are categorized as :
1. Socket Welded A105 B 16.11
2. Threaded A105 B 16.11
3. Butt Welded A234 WPB B16.9
4. Sockolet A105 MSS SP-97
5. Sweepolet A105 Manf. Std.
6. Nipoflange A105 Manf. Std.

Fitting Material Dimensional Std