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Done By

Mr. Punith Kumar H L


1MS13LVS12

Under The Guidance of


Mrs. Lakshmi Shrinivasan
Assistant Professor
Dept. of E&C
MSRIT

Contents
Modulation recognition System
Modulated Signals generation
Feature Extraction

Flow chart
Results

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Automatic Modulation recognition System

Classification of Modulation Recognition


Modulation
Recognition

Automatic

Analog

Inter class

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Manual

Digital

Intra class

Inter class

Automatic Modulation recognition System

Intra class

Challenges
Need for faster Recognition system
Higher value of Correct Modulation Recognition rate
Optimum performance even at lower level of SNR

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Automatic Modulation recognition System

Started With
Generation of Digital Modulated signal

ASK4

ASK2

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Automatic Modulation recognition System

FSK

BPSK

QPSK

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Automatic Modulation recognition System

II. Feature Extraction


1.

Gamamax (maximum power spectral density of instantaneous amplitude).

How to get the instantaneous amplitude ?


Hilbert transform:
which derives the analytic signal from the given input data which is in 90 degree
phase shift with original signal. In addition it produces the imaginary part of signal
which is envelope of the original input data

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Automatic Modulation recognition System

Hilbert Transform to extract complex


envelope of the signals

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Automatic Modulation recognition System

Classification of ASK2 and ASK4


Maximum Power spectral density of the normalized Instantaneous amplitude

2. Kurtosis to differentiate between


ASK2 and ASK4

Krt (p) =

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Automatic Modulation recognition System

Instantaneous frequency
Analytic Signal

Instantaneous Amplitude

angle(xa(t))

Instantaneous Phase

Instantaneous Frequency

Instantaneous Frequency is used to differentiate between FSK and other


modulated signals

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Decision Algorithm Flow Chart


Digital Modulated signals
Extract Inst.Amp, Krtp, Inst.Freq
and other features
Check
gamamax (Inst.Amp ) > Threshold1

Check
gamamax (Inst.Amp ) < Threshold3
&&
Inst.Freq < Threshold4

No

Yes

Check
Krtp < Threshold2

ASK2
Yes

Yes

FSK

ASK4

No
Future Work

BPSK
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QPSK
Automatic Modulation recognition System

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Results
System analyzes 2000 samples and gives the result
Results are taken from the mean value obtained by 20,000 iterations
each iteration analyzes the data about 2000 samples with random symbols
and Ransom noise is added to the modulated signals so as to maintain the
required SNR value of modulated signal

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Modulated Signals

Recognition Rate @ 2db


SNR

ASK2

99.3%

ASK4

97.5%

FSK

99.9%

BPSK

------

QPSK

-----Automatic Modulation recognition System

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Work Schedule
Month

Activity

SEP

Literature Survey on existing AMR algorithms

OCT

Learning MATLAB basics, Choosing features to be extracted

NOV

Implementing feature extraction in MATLAB-phase 1

DEC

Implementing feature extraction in MATLAB-phase 2

FEB

Optimization of Algorithm and review

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References
[1] Badreldeen Ismail Dahap and Hesham Ibrahim Ahmed, New Algorithms for
Automatic Modulation Recognition for Analogue Signals Using Multi Features .
International Journal of Signal Processing Systems Vol. 2, No. 2, December 2014
[2]Jide Julius Popoola,Automatic Recognition Of Both Inter And Intra Classes Of
Digital Modulated Signals Using Artificial Neural Network, Journal of Engineering
Science and Technology,Vol. 9, No. 2 (2014) 273 285
[3] M. V. Subbarao, N. S. Khasim, T. Jagadeesh, M. H. H. Sastry ,A Novel
Technique for Automatic Modulation Classification and Time-Frequency Analysis of
Digitally Modulated Signals, IJSIPR, Vol. 6, No. 2, April, 2013

[4] www.wikipedia.com
[5] www.google.com

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