You are on page 1of 10

VALVES

Types of Valves can be classified by:


The operative of the valve closure member

The kind of closure member movement defines both the geometry


and operative of the valve.
Multi-turn valve(linear motion valves):
The closure member has a linear displacement generally by turning
its threaded stem several times.
This operation is slow, but it gives accuracy and stability to position
the closure member, which is necessary in some control valves.
Types of valves: Gate valve, Globe valve, Fixed cone valve, Needle
valve and Pinch valve.
Quarter-turn valve(rotary valve):
The closure member as well its shaft turn 0-90; from the fullyopen position to the fully-closed position.
They are quick opening/closure valves.
Types of valves: Ball valve, Butterfly valve, Plug valve, Spherical
valve.

The functionality of the valve

Control: pressure / flow rate regulation.


Closure at over-speed flow. (i.e. immediate
closure if downstream pipeline is broken by
accident).
Overpressure protection.
Back flow prevention (check valve).
On/Off service.

Multi-Turn Valves
Annular valve
Annular valves are suitable for regulating
flow and pressure. They are prepared to
work against all column water pressure
without cavitation.
The closure member has conical shape, and
it moves in the axial direction of the tube.
The flow goes around the closure member
when the valve is open.

Annular valve

Diaphragm Valve
Diaphragm valves are used on shut-off and throttling service for liquids,
slurries and vacuum/gas.
The seal is achieved by a flexible membrane, usually elastomer, and possibly
reinforced with a metal part. The membrane is tensed by the effect of a
stem/compressor with lineal movement until contact is made against the seal
of the body.
The operating parts of the diaphragm valve are isolated from the flow. This
makes this valve suitable for viscous flows and also hazardous, abrasive and
corrosive flows as its sealing system avoids any contamination towards or from
the environment.
Diaphragm valves are available in a wide variety of metals, solid plastics,
plastic, rubber and glass linings. They are well suited to the handling of
multiple chemical applications both clear fluids as well as slurries.
The diaphragm valve has an extended use for applications at low pressures
and slurry fluid where most other kinds of valves corrode or become
obstructed.
It is a quick opening valve.

Fixed Cone Valve


The Fixed Cone valve is a Free Discharge valve,
it is also known as Howell Bunger and Hollow
Jet valves. These valves are used to discharge
water at high pressure from reservoirs or full
pipes into atmosphere. Some designed valves
can also work submerged in the water.
The flow towards the exit of the valve is not
converging so that the discharge is in the
shape of a hollow jet. A major air area contact
with the water spray reduces the kinetic energy
of water.

The hollow jet valve is designed to dissipate


huge amount of energy without cavitation
and vibration.
A hood can be incorporated at the end of
the valve in order to reduce the risk of
erosion from the water jet against the
immediate environment.
Submerged valves need a special profile
chamber to avoid hydraulic instabilities.