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Case of Corruption

Origin of word Corruption


Corruption came from the English
word Corrupt which originated from
Latin word corruptus, meaning to
abuse or destroy.

What is corruption?
Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by
those in power, typically involving
bribery.
The action of making someone or
something morally corrupt or the
state of being so.
Anything which is benefiting you by
illegal means whether that is bribery,
saying lies etc

Causes of corruption in India


1. Loop holes in the existing system
2. Illiteracy among the people
3. Lack of awareness about rights and
duties
4. Impatient attitude of people
5. Attraction towards short cut means
6. Herd mentality
7. Never ending wants and Greed

Effects of Corruption
1. Lacuna to economic growth
2. Loss to tax payers
3. Inflation
4. Widening of gap between rich and poor
5. Lack of infrastructure
6. Hurdle to development
7. Degrades the individual and the society
8. Change of attitude of moral and honest
people
9. Plight of meritorious people
10.Loss of interests of stakeholders
11.Leads to scams and scandals

Remedies to curb corruption


1. Positive change in the system
2. Transparency
3. On-Line systems
4. Proper Public Grievance systems
5. Change in the attitude of people
6. Increase in the literacy level, Education.
7. Creating awareness amongst people at the
grass-root level the evil-effects of
corruption.
8. Respect for the laws and regulations.

Areas where corruption can take


place

Government or public sector


Political system
Police (Law Enforcers)
Judicial system
Corporate
Unions
Non-Profit Organization, NGOs and Trusts
Medicine Field

Whistle Blowing

Who is a whistle blower?


A whistle-blower is a person who
exposes misconduct, dishonest or
illegal activity occurring in an
organization.
The termwhistle-blowercomes from
theterm whistle a referee uses to
indicate an illegal or foul play

The alleged misconduct may be


classified as A violation of a law, rule, regulation
A direct threat to public interest
Fraud, health and safety violations,
and corruption.

Whistleblowers
may
make
their
allegations Internally (for example, to other
people
within
the
accused
organization); or
Externally
(to
regulators,
law
enforcement agencies, to the media
or to groups concerned with the
issues).

Whistleblower
protection
in
Indiarefers to provisions put in
place in order to protect someone
who exposes alleged wrongdoing.
The wrongdoing might take the form
of
fraud,
corruption
or
mismanagement.

Why need for protection of whistleblowers

There
have
been
multiple
instances
of
threatening, harassment and even murder of
various whistleblowers.
An engineer,Satyendra Dubey, was murdered
in November 2003; Dubey had blown the
whistle in a corruption case in theNational
Highways
Authority
of
IndiasGolden
Quadrilateralproject.
AnIndian Oil Corporationofficer,Shanmughan
Manjunath, was murdered for sealing a petrol
pump that was sellingadulteratedfuel.
AKarnatakaofficial SP Mahantesh- (Deputy
Director of the audit wing in the states
Cooperative department), was said to be a
whistle-blower in controversial land allotments
by societies was murdered in May 2012.
A senior police officer alleged thatMayawati's

The local activists demand that a


law should be framed to protect
whistleblowers,
facilitate
the
disclosure
of
information
and
uncover corruption in government
organisations.