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Earlier Times: Animation tools

Zoetrope
Thaumatrope
Phenakistoscope
Praxinoscope
Magic Lantern

ZOETROP
E
-produce
the illusion
of motion by
displaying a sequence
of drawings or
photographs showing
progressive phases of
that motion. The
name zoetrope was
composed from the
Greek root words zoe,
"life" and tropos,
"turning".

Thaumatrope
-a card with a
picture on each side
and is attached to
two pieces of string.
When the strings
are twirled quickly,
the two pictures will
appear to combine
into a single image
due to persistence
of vision.

henakistoscope
also spelled
phenakistiscope
or
phenakitiscope)
was an early
animation device
that used a
spinning disk of
sequential images.

Phenakistoscope

the
persistence
of vision
principle to
create an
illusion of
motion.

Praxinoscope
-invented in
1877 by a
Frenchman,
-has mirrors
in the
Charles
Reynaud

middle with frames


at the side thats
been placed inside a
shallow outer
cylinder, to see the
movement of the
animation you have
to spin it and look at

Magic Lantern
-early type of
image
projector
developed in
the 17th
century.

till Being Used in Cinema

till Being Used in Cinema