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Prepared by: Michael John Natabla

Weather Vs. Climate

conditions of long-term average of


atmosphere at weather
particular time Ocean influences
and place Earths weather and
climate patterns.
Factors affecting weather

moisture Heat

Air
Winds
pressure
heat
Moisture

Relative humidity
Sea breeze
(From ocean to land)

Land breeze
(From land to ocean)

Differential solar heating is due to


different heat capacities of land
and water.
polar

temperate

tropical

Climate zones
Cyclones

Typhoons

hurricanes
Large
rotating Strong winds,
masses of torrential rain
low pressure

Tropical Cyclones

Classified by
maximum
sustained wind
speed
Tropical cyclones

About 100 5 degrees of


worldwide per latitude from
year equator

Ocean water
warmer than
25C (77F) The Coriolis
Effect

Warm, moist
air
Formative
stage

Immature
Life history of stage
tropical cyclone

Mature
stage

Decaying
stage
Tropical disturbance

Tropical depression
Classification of
tropical cyclones
Tropical Storm

Typhoon
Catastrophic (250-)

Extreme (210-249)

Hurricane
Extensive (178-209) intensity

Moderate (154-177)

Minimal (120-153)
Oceans Climate Patterns