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Experimental Study on Co2 Absorption into

Aqueous Ammonia based Absorbents

AZEEM TAHIR
Absorption
• Transfer of one or more Components from the
gas phase to a liquid solvent
• Operation in which a gas mixture is contacted
with a liquid for the purpose of dissolving one or
more components of the gas mixture and to
provide a solution of them in the liquid

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Uses of Absorption process
• Gas purification (eg , removal of air pollutants from
exhausts gases
• Product Recovery
• production of solutions of gases for various purposes.
• Removal of the undesired component from the gases
(Pollution)
• To separate the component that has the economic value

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Types of Absorption
Physical Absorption
• major mass transfer happens from the gas phase to the
liquid phase solely by the diffusion
• No chemical reaction occurs

Chemical Absorption
• involves a chemical reaction between the substance
being absorbed (Solute) and the absorbing medium
(Solvent/Absorbent)

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Absorption Column

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Packing materials

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Why Aqueous Ammonia based Absorbents ?
• good thermal and oxidative stabilities
• lower regeneration energy
Traditional amine-based absorbents, such as
monoethanolamine (MEA), suffer from
• high energy consumption
• Oxidative loss
• thermal degradation
• Corrosive

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Draw backs using Aqueous Ammonia based
Absorbents
Aqueous ammonia-based absorbents faces two
major challenges

• Low CO2 absorption rate


• high volatility

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Solution of these problems
• Adding promoters to increase the mass transfer
coefficient of Co2
• detailed mass transfer study of CO2 into ammonia based blended solutions
to investigate the effects of temperature and additive concentration

• membrane vacuum regeneration for recovery

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Promotors used
• sarcosinate (SAR)
• taurinate (Tau)
• glycinate (Gly)
• piperazine (PZ)
• 1-methyl piperazine (1-MPZ)
• MEA

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Experimental Setup (Absorption)

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Experimental Setup (Regeneration)

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Results and discussion
• Selction of Promotors
• Mass transfer coefficients for CO2 absorption in various ammonia-
based blended solvents at 3 CO2 loadings.

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Effect of Temperarure
Overall mass transfer coefficients as a function of temperature
of three different solutions

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Effect of Concentartion
Overall mass transfer coefficients as a function of concentration for CO2
absorption in 3 M NH3+SAR- solutions at 288 K.

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NH3 concentration after regeneration and the NH3 removal efficiency as a
function of solvent flow rate.

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NH3 concentration and the NH3 removal efficiency as a function of time in a
continous membrane vacuum regeneration process

the volume of the solvent is 600 ml and the solvent flow rate is 50 ml/min

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