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MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ LATERAL

METODO DE CONDENSACION ESTATICA

1: no hay cargas
2: si hay cargas
[K11]{D1} + [K12]{D2} = {0} ……………………..(1)
[K21]{D1} + [K22]{D2} = {Q2} ……………………..(2)

Premultiplicando ambos miembros de la ecuación (1)


por [K11]-1 :
[K11]-1 [K11]{D1} + [K11]-1 [K12]{D2} = [K11]-1{0}
[I]{D1} + [K11]-1 [K12]{D2} = {0}
{D1} = - [K11]-1 [K12]{D2} (3)
Reemplazando (3) en (2):
[K21]( - [K11]-1 [K12]{D2}) + [K22]{D2} = {Q2}
Sacando factor común y ordenando:
{Q2} = ([K22] - [K21] [K11]-1 [K12]) {D2}
[KL]
[KL] = [K22] - [K21] [K11]-1 [K12]
# pisos = 2
Columnas: 25 x 25 cm2
Vigas: 25 x 60 cm2
Espesor placa: 20 cm
Altura de piso: 3 m.
E = 230,000 Kg/cm2
Carga viva: del RNE
Uso: Colegio
Lugar: Chiclayo
Suelo: blando
Del resultado del item 1 se tiene:

29.647 29.647

(ton)
15.780 45.427

Cálculo de la matriz de rigidez lateral de pórticos


Pórtico 5:
bh 3
I
12
25 * 60 3
IV   450,000cm 4
12
25 * 253
IC   32,552.083cm 4
12
EI V  230.0 * 450,000  103'500,000 t  cm 2
EI C  230.0 * 32,552.083  7'486,979.09t  cm 2
D1 = 1; D2=D3=D4=D5=D6=D7=D8=0.

 12EI C 
k 21  3 3   9.98t  cm
 L 
 C 
 12EI C 
k11  6 3   19.97
 L 
 C 

k 31  k 41  k 51  0
6EI C
k 61  k 71  k 81  2
 499.13
LC
D2 = 1; D1=D3=D4=D5=D6=D7=D8=0.

 12EI C 
k12  3 3   9.98t  cm

 LC 
 12EI 
k 22  3 3 C   9.98

 LC 
6EI C
k 32  k 42  k 52  k 62  k 72  k 82    499.13
L2C
D3 = 1; D1=D2=D4=D5=D6=D7=D8=0.
k13  0
6EI C
k 23   2  499.13
LC
 4EI C  4EI V
k 33  2 
  1'027,652.776
 LV  LV
2EI V
k 43   414,000
LV
2EI C
k 63   49,913.194
LC
k 53  k 73  k 83  0
D4 = 1; D1=D2=D3=D5=D6=D7=D8=0.
k 14  0
6EI C
k 24   2
 499.13
LC
2EI V
k 34   414,000
LV
 4EI C   4EI V 
k 44  2   2
 
  1'855,652.776

 LC   LV 
2EI V
k 54   414,000
LV
2EI C
k 74   49,913.194
LC
k 64  k 84  0
D5 = 1; D1=D2=D3=D4=D6=D7=D8=0.

k 15  k 35  k 65  k 75  0
2EI V
k 45   414,000
LV
 4EI C  4EI V
k 55  2 
  1'027,652.776
 LC  LV
2EI C
k 85   49,913.194
LC
6EI C
k 25   2
 499.13
LC
D6 = 1; D1=D2=D3=D4=D5=D7=D8=0.
6EI C
k16  2  499.13
LC
6EI C
k 26   2  499.13
LC
2EI C
k 36   49,913.194
LC
k 46  k 56  k 86  0
4EI C 4EI V
k 66    927,826.388
LC LV
2EI V
k 76   414,000
LV
D7 = 1; D1=D2=D3=D4=D5=D6=D8=0.
6EI C
k17  2  499.13
LC
6EI C
k 27   2  499.13
LC
k 37  k 57  0
2EI C
k 47   49,913.194
LC
2EI V
k 67   414,000
LV
4EI C  4EI V 
k 77   2   1'755,826.388
LC  LV 
2EI V
k 87   414,000
LV
D8 = 1; D1=D2=D3=D4=D5=D6=D7=0.

6EI C
k18  2
 499.13
LC
6EI C
k 28   2
 499.13
LC
k 38  k 48  k 68  0
2EI C
k 58   49,913.194
LC
2EI V
k 78   414,000
LV
4EI C 4EI V
k 88    927,826.388
LC LV
 19.97 9.98 0 0 0 499.132 499.132 499.132 
 
  9.98 9.98  499.132  499.132  499.132  499.132  499.132  499.132 
 0  499.132 1'027,652.776 414,000 0 49,913.194 0 0 
 
 499.132
K5   
0 414,000 1'855,652.776 414,000 0 49,913.194 0
0  499.132 0 414,000 1'027,652.776 0 0 49,913.194 
 
499.132  499.132 49,913.194 0 0 927,826.388 414,000 0 
499.132  499.132 0 49,913.194 0 414,000 1'755,826.388 414,000 

499.132  499.132 0 0 49,913.194 0 414,000 927,826.388
k11 =

k12 =

k21 =

k22 =
 10.8403 2.6681 1.08392 0.7115 0.2876 0.1866 
 
  2.6681 6.5881  2.6681 0.2876  0.3229 0.2876 
 1.08392  2.6681  0.1866 0.2876  0.7115
k 22   
1 10.8403 7
 *10
 0.7115 0.2876  0.1866 12.2633  3.2433 1.4572 
 0.2876  0.3229 0.2876  3.2433 7.2339  3.2433
 
 0.1866 0.2876  0.7115 1.4572  3.2433 12.2633 

K L   k11   k12 k 22 1 k 21 


 19.429  9.463
K L 5  
 9.463 8.995 
PÓRTICO 1
D1 = 1; D2=D3=D4=D5=D6=D7=D8=0.

 12EI C   12EI P 
k11  4 3   2
  L3


 LC   P 
 12EI C   12EI P 
k 21  2 3    3 

 LC   LP 
k 31  k 41  k 51  0
6EI C
k 61  k 71  2
LC
6EI P
k 81  2
LP
CALCULO DEL MOMENTO DE INERCIA DE LA PARTE DE LA PLACA DEL PORTICO 1

bh 3 103 * 413
I y T I     2'366,287.667
3 3
bh 3 103 * 20.63
I yT II    75033.921
12 12
bh 3 103 * 20.63 103 * 20.6
I yT III   Ax  2
 * 34.132  1'260,807.992
36 36 2
I yT  I yT I   I yT II  I yT III  1'030,445.754cm 4

I y0  I yT  Ad02  1'030,445.754  20.4 *103 * 20.5 2  147,416.454


I y  I y0  Ad2  147,416.454  20.4 *103 * 7.8 2  275,253.462
 EI P  230.00 * 275,253.462  63'308,296.26T / cm 2
 56.578 24.316
k L 1   
 24.316 17.540 

 88.708 34.742
k L 2  
 34.742 22.718 

 55.028 23.045
k L 3  
 23.045 16.917 

 19.429 9.463
k L 5  k L 6  
  9.463 8.995 
CALCULO DE LA MATRIZ DE RIGIDEZ LATERAL DE LA PLACA

lMm l Vv
t  0.20m i   dx   f y dx
0 EI 0 GA
bh 3 0.20 * 10.23
I   17.6868m 4
12 12
E  230,000Kg / cm 2  2'300,000T / m 2
EI  17.6868 * 2'300,000  401'679,640T  m
A  10.20 * 0.20  2.04m 2
  0.15
E 2'300,000
G   1'000,000T / m 2
21    21  0.15
Aplicando carga unitaria en la primera coordenada:

TRAMO: 0  x  3 TRAMO: 3  x  6
M=0 M = 1(x – 3) = x – 3
V=0 V=1
VIRTUALES

TRAMO: 0  x  3
TRAMO: 0  x  3
m=0
m=x
v=0
v=1
TRAMO: 3  x  6
TRAMO: 3  x  6
m=x-3
m=x
v=1
v=1
6 x  3 1  x  33 
6
2
  x 3
1.2 6 1.2 6
f11   dx   1 dx    
3 EI GA 3 EI  3  GA
3

 9  0  6  3  1.9859 *106 m
1 1.2
EI GA
6 x x  3
f 21  
3 EI
dx 
1.2 6
GA  3
1 dx 
1 6 2
EI 3

x  3 x 
dx 
1.2 6
GA
x 3
6
1 x 3x  1 1 3 3 3 2 2
     GA
3 2
    
1.2
6  3   6 3  6 3
1.2
3  2.3178 *10 6
m
EI  3 2  3 GA EI  3 2 
Aplicando carga unitaria en la segunda coordenada:

TRAMO: 0  x  3 TRAMO: 3  x  6
M=x M=x
V=1 V=1
VIRTUALES

TRAMO: 0  x  3
TRAMO: 0  x  3
m=0
m=x
v=0
v=1
TRAMO: 3  x  6
TRAMO: 3  x  6
m=x-3
m=x
v=1
v=1
x x  3
f12  
3
6

EI
dx 
1.2 6
GA 3
1dx 
1 6 2
EI 3

x  3xdx 
GA
x 3
1.2 6


1  x 3 3x 2 
   
1.2
6  3  
EI  3

1 1 3 3 3 2 2
6 3  6 3     GA
1.2
3  2.3178 *10 6
m
EI  3 2  3 GA 2 
3 x2 6 x2 6x2
f 22 
0 EI
dx 
1.2 3
 1dx   dx 
1.2 6
 1dx   dx 
1.2 6
 1dx
GA 0 3 EI GA 3 0 EI GA 0
6


1  x3 
  
1.2 6 1  1 3  1.2
x 0  
EI  3
6   
6   5.2993 * 10 6
m
EI  3  0 GA  GA
1.9859 2.3178
FL     * 10 4
cm
2.3178 5.2993
 10,286.5  4,499.11
K L 4  FL   
1
 Ton / cm
 4,499.11 3854.86 
GENERACIÓN DE [A]j TAL QUE {d}j = [A]j {D}
 4  101 18' 36"

R 4  6.514sen 180   4   6.39m

PÓRTICO  R(m)
1 0° 5.128
2 0° 0.128
3 0° 4.872
4 101° 18’ 36” 6.39
5 90° 0.512
6 90° 6.512
En general:
Aj  cos I | senI | R 
1 0 0 0 5.128 0 
A1   
 0 1 0 0 0 5.128 

A2  
1 0 0 0 0.128 0 

 0 1 0 0 0 0.128 
1 0 0 0 4.872 0 
A3   
 0 1 0 0 0 4.872 
 0.196 0 
A4  
0 0.9805 0 6.39

 0  0.196 0 0.9805 0 6.39 

A5  
0 0 1 0 0.512 0 

 0 0 0 1 0 0 .512 
0 0 1 0 6.512 0 
A6   
 0 0 0 1 0 6.512 
ENSAMBLAJE DE [K] DEL EDIFICIO
En general:

K j  ATj k L j Aj
 1 0 
 
 0 1 
 0 0   56.578  24.316 1 0 0 0 5.128 0 
K 1     
 0 0   24.316 17.540  0 1 0 0 0 5.128 
5.128 0 
 
 0 5.128
 56.578  24.316 0 0 290.132  124.692 
 
  24.316 17.540 0 0  124.692 89.945 
 
K 1  
0 0 0 0 0 0
 Ton - cm
 0 0 0 0 0 0 
 290.132  124.692 0 0 1478.8  639.423
 
 124.692 89.945 0 0  639.423 461.239 
 88.708 34.742 0 0 11.355 4.447 
 
 34.742 22.718 0 0  4.447 2.908 
 0 
K 2  
0 0 0 0 0
 Ton - cm
 0 0 0 0 0 0 
 11.305  4.447 0 0 1.453  0.569
 
  4.447 2.908 0 0  0.569 0.372 

 55.028 23.045 0 0 268.096 112.275 


 
  23.045 16.917 0 0  112.275 82.420 
 
K 3  
0 0 0 0 0 0
 Ton - cm
 0 0 0 0 0 0 
 268.096  112.275 0 0 1306.17  547.005
 
 112.275 82.420 0 0  547.005 401.548 
 395.166 172.838 1976.84 864.63 12883.2 5634.87 
 
  172.838 148.088 864.63  740 .819 5634 .87  4827 .98 
 1976.84 9889.24  4325.36  28,188.7 
K 4  
864.63 64,449
 Ton - cm
 864.63  740.819  4325.36 3705.99  28,188.7 24,152.2 
 12883.2 5634.87 64,449  28,188.7 420,019  183,708 
 
 5634.87  4827.98  28,188.7 24,152.2  183,708 157,402 

0 0 0 0 0 0 
 
0 0 0 0 0 0 
0 0 19.429  9.463 9.948  4.845
K 5    Ton - cm
0 0  9.463 8.995  4.845 4.605 
0 0 9.948  4.845 5.093  2.481
 
0 0  4.845 4.605  2.481 2.358 
0 0 0 0 0 0 
 
0 0 0 0 0 0 
0  9.463  61.623 
K 6
0 19.429 126.522
  Ton - cm
0 0  9.463 8.995  61.623 58.575 
0 0 126.522  61.623 823.909  401.289
 
0 0  61.623 58.575  401.289 381.443 
6
K TOTAL   K j
j1

 595.48 254.941 1976.84 864.63 12,313.6 5,393.46 


 
  254 .941 205 .263 864 .63  740 .819 5,393 .46  4,652 .71 
  1976.84  4,344.29 64,585.5  28,255.2
K TOTAL
864.63 9,928.1
  Ton - cm
 864.63  740 .819  4,344 .29 3,723 .98  28, 255 .2 24 ,152 . 2 
 12,313.6 5,393.46 64,585.5  28,255.2 423,643  185,299 
 
 5 ,393 .46  4,652 .71  28 , 255 .2 24 ,152 .2  185 , 299 158 ,649 
Rigideces de entrepiso
Dirección x:
PORTICO k2 + k 1 k1 k2 xk k1xk k2xk
6 19.429 10.434 8.995 -6.512 -67.946208 -58.57544
5 19.429 10.434 8.995 -0.512 -5.342208 -4.60544
10286.5 6431.64 3854.86
4
10086.74 6306.74 3780.00 6.488 40918.1291 24524.64
6327.61 3797.99 40844.841 24461.46

Primer piso :
ny

 k ky x k 40,844.84
k 1
xR  ny
  6.455m
6327.61
 k ky
k 1
Segundo piso :
ny

 yxk
k k
24,461.46
k 1
xR  ny
  6.441m
3797.99
 k ky
k 1
Dirección y:

PORTICO k2 + k 1 k1 k2 xk k1xk k2xk


1 56.578 39.038 17.54 5.128 200.187 89.945
2 88.708 65.99 22.718 0.128 8.447 2.908
3 55.028 38.111 16.917 -4.872 -185.677 -82.42
143.139 57.175 22.957 10.433

Primer piso :
nx

 k kx yk 22.957
k 1
yR  nx
  0.160m
143.139
 k kx
k 1
Segundo piso :
nx

 x yk
k k
10.433
k 1
yR  nx
  0.182m
57.175
 x
k k

k 1
Cálculo de los desplazamientos en las direcciones X e Y, del CM, aplicando las
cargas calculadas en la pregunta 1

{Q} = [K]{D}
Dirección X :
45.427
 
 29.647 
 0  D x 
   K TOTAL  D y 
 0  D 
  
 0 
 
 0 
Resolviendo por Gauss - Jordan
 1.714 
 
3 .208
D x    (cm)
  1.917 

 
 Dy   
3. 397

D   
    0.242
  (rad)
 0.424
TRANSFORMACIÓN DE DESPLAZAMIENTOS GLOBALES A LOCALES
{d}j = [A]j{D}
Pórtico1 :

d1  A1D  
1 0 0 0 5.128 0  0.4730
 D   cm
 0 1 0 0 0 5.128  1.0337 
Pórtico 2 :

d2  A2 D  


1 0 0 0 0.128 0  1.6830 
 D   cm
 0 1 0 0 0 0.128  3.1537 
Pórtico 3 :

d3  A3 D  


1 0 0 0 4.872 0  0.5350
 D   cm
 0 1 0 0 0 4.872  1.1423 
Pórtico 4 :
 0.196  0.0027 
d4  A4 D  
0 0.9805 0 6.39 0 
D   cm
 0  0.196 0 0.9805 0 6.39    0.0074 
Pórtico 5 :

d5  A5 D  


0 0 1 0 0.512 0  1.7931
 D   cm
 0 0 0 1 0 0.512  3.1799 
Pórtico 6 :

d6  A6 D  


0 0 1 0 6.512 0   0.3411
 D   cm
 0 0 0 1 0 6.512  0 .6359 
Dirección Y :
 0 
 
 0 
45.427 D x 
   K TOTAL  D y 
 
29.647 D 
  
 0 
 
 0 
Resolviendo por Gauss - Jordan
 1.921 
 
3. 390
D x    (cm)
  4.497 

 
 Dy   
7 . 663

D   
    0.630
  (rad)
  1.070 
Pórtico1 :
  1.310 
d1  A1D  
1 0 0 0 5.128 0 
 D   cm
 0 1 0 0 0 5.128    2.097 
Pórtico 2 :

d2  A2 D  


1 0 0 0 0.128 0  1.840 
D   cm
0 1 0 0 0 0.128 3.253
Pórtico 3 :
 1.148
d3  A3 D  
1 0 0 0 4.872 0 
 D   cm
 0 1 0 0 0 4.872    1.823
Pórtico 4 :
 0.196
d4  A4 D  
0 0.9805 0 6.39 0  0.0071
 D   cm
 0  0.196 0 0.9805 0 6.39  0.0118 
Pórtico 5 :

d5  A5 D  


0 0 1 0 0.512 0  4.174
 D   cm
 0 0 0 1 0 0.512   7.115 
Pórtico 6 :

d6  A6 D  


0 0 1 0 6.512 0  0.394
 D   cm
 0 0 0 1 0 6.512  0.695 
CÁLCULO DE LAS FUERZAS EN LOS PÓRTICOS
ANÁLISIS EN LA DIRECCIÓN X
- CÁLCULO DEL MOMENTO TORSOR: T

FUERZA e E=e+0.05B E=e-0.05B T(ton-m)


45.427 0.16 0.81 -0.49 36.79587
29.647 0.182 0.832 -0.468 24.666304

Rigidez Torsional
 nx k 2   ny k 2 
K T   k x y k    k y x k 
 k 1   k 1 
KTX PRIMER PISO

PÓRTICO kx Yk kxYk2
1 39.038 4.968 963.497815
2 65.99 -0.032 0.06757376
3 38.111 -5.032 965.009546
1928.57493
KTX SEGUNDO PISO

PÓRTICO kx Yk kxYk2
1 17.54 4.946 429.079547
2 22.718 0.054 0.06624569
3 16.917 5.054 432.10951
861.255302

KTY PRIMER PISO

PÓRTICO kx Xk kxXk2
4 6306.74 0.033 6.86803986
5 10.434 -6.967 506.456855
6 10.434 -12.967 1754.40499
2267.72989
KTY SEGUNDO PISO

PÓRTICO Ky Xk ky Xk 2
4 3780 0.047 8.35002
5 8.995 -6.953 434.85616
6 8.995 -12.953 1509.18298
1952.38916

KT : PRIMER PISO = 1928.58 + 2267.73 = 4196.31


KT : SEGUNDO PISO = 861.255 + 1952.389 = 2813.64
CÁLCULO DE LAS FUERZAS CORTANTES
{q} = [k]{d}
Pórtico 1 :
 56.578  24.316 0.4730 1.626 
q1     Ton.
 24.316 17.540  1.0337  6.630

Pórtico 2 :
88.708  34.742 1.6830  39.730
q2      34.742    Ton.
 34.742 22.718  3.1537 13.175 

Pórtico 3 :
 55.028  23.045 0.5350 3.116
q3     Ton.
 23.045 16.917  1.1423  6.995
Pórtico 4 :
 10,286.5  4,499.11  0.0027  5.520 
q4    Ton.
 4,499.11 3,854.86   0.0074  16.378

Pórtico 5 :
 19.429  9.463 1.7931  4.747 
q5     Ton.
 9.463 8.995  3.1799 11.635
Pórtico 6 :
 19.429  9.463 0.3411 0.6097
q6    Ton.
 9.463 8.995  0.6359  2.4921
CORRECCIÓN POR TORSIÓN
T
Q'xj  k x yk
KT
Pórtico 1 :
36.796
Piso 1 : Q'1x  39.038 * 4.968 *  1.701
4196.31
24.666
Piso 2 : Q x  17.54 * 4.946 *
'1
 0.761
2813.64
CORRECCIÓN : pi  qi  Q'x i  
1.626  1.701 3.327 
p1     Ton
6.630 0.761  7.391
Pórtico 2 :
36.796
Piso 1 : Q'2x  65.99 * 0.032 *  0.0185
4196.31
24.666
Piso 2 : Q x  22.718 * 0.054 *
'2
 0.0108
2813.64
CORRECCIÓN : pi  qi  Q'x i  
39.730 0.0185 39.748
p1     Ton
13.175  0.0108 13.186 
Pórtico 3 :
36.796
Piso 1 : Q'3x  38.111 * 5.032 *  1.682
4196.31
24.666
Piso 2 : Q x  16.917 * 5.054 *
'3
 0.749
2813.64
CORRECCIÓN : pi  qi  Q'x i  
3.116 1.682  4.798
p1     Ton
6.995 0.749 7.744
IDEM EN DIRECCIÓN Y