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ES1 LECTURE NO.

Perpendicular Lines and Planes


2

A When two lines intersect, they


B have one point in common.

1 How to tell if two lines share a


HRP common point?
FRP

1
A

2 B

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0

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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

INTERSECTING NON-INTERSECTING

2 4
A
B D
C
1 3
HRP
FRP

1 3
A C

2 B 4 D

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0

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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Plane in Space

Determined by three points (or a


line & a point
A
B

E
C
D

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Plane in Space

Determined by three points (or a


line & a point
A
B

E
C
D

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Plane in Space

D
Determined by two parallel lines
A C

B
A
C
D

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Plane in Space

B Determined by two intersecting


C lines
A
D

A D

C
B

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Five-Sided (or


C D Four-Sided ) Plane Surface

E
A

E
A

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Five-Sided (or


C D Four-Sided ) Plane Surface

E Connect the
A given points.

E
A

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Five-Sided (or


C D Four-Sided ) Plane Surface

B x

y E Draw a line from


A points B parallel
to the RP.
E
A
Do the same
from point E.

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Five-Sided (or


C D Four-Sided ) Plane Surface

B x

y E Project all points


A across RP.

E You are now able


A
to locate point y
in front view.
y
B

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Five-Sided (or


C D Four-Sided ) Plane Surface

B x

y E Draw your line


A yE.

E
A
y
B

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Five-Sided (or


C D Four-Sided ) Plane Surface

B x

y E Draw a line from


A point B parallel
to line yE.
E
A
You are now able
x
to locate point x
y
in front view.
B

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Five-Sided (or


C D Four-Sided ) Plane Surface

B x

y E In front view,
A draw a line from
point E passing
E through point x.
A x
You are now able
y
to locate point D
B D in front view.

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Five-Sided (or


C D Four-Sided ) Plane Surface

B x

y E In front view,
A draw a line from
point D parallel
E to line Bx and yE.
A x
You are now able
y
to locate point C
B D in front view.
C

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

Establishment of a Five-Sided (or


C D Four-Sided ) Plane Surface

B x

y E Complete the
A plane surface. In
this case
E
A x
y
B D
C

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

C
B
Four Points in
Space Which
do not
Establish a
A D Single Plane
Surface
D
A Let us identify if
this plane is
warped.

B
Then correct it if
it is indeed
C warped.
SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0
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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

C
B x
Four Points in
Space Which
do not
y
Establish a
A D Single Plane
Surface
D
A Draw lines from B
and D parallel to
the RP as shown.

B
Name the
additional points.
C

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

C
B x
Four Points in
Space Which
do not
y
Establish a
A D Single Plane
Surface
D
A Project all points
across the RP.
y

x
B
C

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

C
B x
Four Points in
Space Which
do not
y
Establish a
A D Single Plane
Surface
D
A Connect points y
and D.
y

x
B
C

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

C
B x
Four Points in
Space Which
do not
y
Establish a
A D Single Plane
Surface
D
Draw a line from point B
A parallel to line yD to locate x’.
y x’
We can conclude now that
point C is non-coplanar with
x the 3 other points (plane is
B
warped) because x and x’ are
C found at different locations.

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

C
B x
Four Points in
Space Which
do not
y
Establish a
A D Single Plane
Surface
D
A Draw a line
x’ connecting points
y C’ D and x’ to locate
point C’.
x
B
C

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

C
B x
Four Points in
Space Which
do not
y
Establish a
A D Single Plane
Surface
D
A Here, plane
x’ ABC’D is the
y C’ corrected view of
the plane.
B

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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ES1 LECTURE NO. Perpendicular Lines and Planes

C
B
Same result
should be
obtained by
correcting the
A D plane using the
intersection of
D diagonals.
A

C’

B
C

SECTION: THWX PREPARED BY: JUAN FIDEL B. CALAYWAN GRADE: 10.0


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