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Ending Gender Discrimination among Students in Secondary

Schools in Brgy. Sta. Isabel, City of Malolos, Bulacan : A


Proposal to Amend Section 2. Acts of Bullying of Republic
Act No. 10627 otherwise known as “An Act Requiring All
Elementary And Secondary Schools To Adopt Policies To
Prevent And Address The Acts Of Bullying In Their
Institutions” to include “any act that may cause gender
discrimination as a form of bullying”.
Introduction
• Gender Discrimination is one of the many
problems that continue to exist in our society
today. It is a universal phenomenon that
imposes an extreme prejudice to people
based on their gender. According to
Langston University, Gender discrimination
is unequal or disadvantageous treatment of
an individual or group of individuals based
on gender.
Introduction
• The problem of gender discrimination that is happening today in the
Philippines takes place not only in work but also in schools. Many students
today in the Philippines experiences bullying from their fellow students. It
may appear in numerous forms that may produce several effects in the
child’s self-esteem, confidence and may reduce his perception of a positive
outlook of life, and one of the many forms of bullying that a student
experiences in the school is gender discrimination.

• In order to mitigate the problem of gender discrimination in the secondary


schools in the Philippines, an enactment of law which will provide the
students the protection and insurance they deserve, is needed in order for
to suppress all forms of discrimination that might affect their emotions,
psychological or mental welfare solely on the basis of their gender.
Chapter 1
Statement of the Problem
The researcher will argue in this research that a lack of enactment of a
law that will address the problems of gender discrimination in the
secondary schools in the Philippines, could pave the way for a
continuation of gender discrimination as a form bullying among
students in the secondary schools in the Philippines, thus, an
amendment to section 2 of Republic Act No. 10627 otherwise known as
“An Act Requiring All Elementary And Secondary Schools To Adopt
Policies To Prevent And Address The Acts Of Bullying In Their
Institutions” to include “any act that may cause gender discrimination
as a form of bullying” is a must.
Chapter 1
Sub Questions under Statement of the Problem:
• 1. Why is there a need to enact a law that will consider gender
discrimination as a form of bullying among students in secondary
schools in the Philippines?
• 2. What were the laws enacted by the legislature in order to
resolve issues regarding gender discrimination in the Philippines?
Were these laws not sufficient enough to resolve the problem of
gender discrimination among students in secondary schools in the
Philippines?
• 2. How would the enactment of law that will prevent gender
discrimination as a form of bullying in secondary schools in the
Philippines will pave the way through a reduction of cases of
gender discrimination among students in secondary schools in the
Philippines?
Significance of the Study:
The objectives of this research are the ff:
• to provide the students, especially those who are in the secondary
schools today in the Philippines, a better and safe learning
environment to further nurture their creativity as a person and shall
be free from any unwanted and negative acts that will be dealt upon
them.
• also aims to help students who experienced gender discrimination
in their schools by proposing a law that will put to stop and if not,
mitigate the situations where a student might feel he is excluded or
discriminated solely on the basis of his gender.
• to help the students to recognize and learn at their early age the
importance of equality among people in the society and to respect the
dignity and honour of each individual.
Significance of the Study:
For the lawmakers:
For them to be enlightened in the inequalities
happening in our institutions not only in schools but
also in offices and other places where men and
women are engaged in their respective endeavours,
so that they can continue to enact laws that will
create a bridge between the gap in the perception of
man and woman.
Scope and Limitations
• The main focus of this research is to assess whether an amendment
to section 2. Acts of Bullying of Republic Act No. 10627 otherwise
known as “An Act Requiring All Elementary And Secondary
Schools To Adopt Policies To Prevent And Address The Acts Of
Bullying In Their Institutions” to include “any act that may cause
gender discrimination as a form of bullying” would be sufficient
and effective enough to mitigate and suppress all forms of gender
discrimination that students are currently experiencing in the
secondary schools in the Philippines.
Scope and Limitations
• This research shall also determine the
factors and situations where a student may
find himself or herself in the situation of
gender discrimination.
• This research shall only be limited and
conducted to the high school students
located in the secondary schools of Brgy.
Sta, Isabel, City of Malolos, Bulacan.
Chapter 2
Review of Related Literature
Gender Discrimination as a product of Educated-based
Discrimination
Tannock discussed in his, The problem of education‐based discrimination ,
that gender discrimination is a product of history and society’s wrong
perception of a person specifically women being uneducated,
incompetent and unfit to hold any position in work. Tannock pointed
out that men pose themselves as more superior to women because men
think are far more gifted and educated human beings compared to that
of a woman. As a result, Tannock stressed that an educational-based
discrimination must be first eliminated in the society’s habits before we
can eliminate other forms of discrimination
Chapter 2
Review of Related Literature
Gender Discrimination in Education
In Andrey Shastri’s Gender Inequality and Women Discrimination,
she concluded that gender discrimination in education happens
mostly to women where women in most of the countries in the
world are deprived of education and are only generally limited
to cooking, cleanliness, and serving the whole family including
husband children. According to Shastri, even if women are
granted the right to have education, women still face the feeling
of discrimination for their capabilities, skills and abilities as a
human being are undermined and unappreciated.
Chapter 2
Review of Related Literature
Gender Discrimination as a form of bullying
In Magnolia A. Laus’, A Profile of Bullying, Peer Aggression, and
Victimization in Philippine Junior High School, she found out that
verbal bullying is the most frequent among the forms of bullying or
has occurred at least twice in the past months before the survey and
this includes comments about gender (i.e., Bayot or gay), body size
(i.e., fat), blackmail, and other indirect hurtful comments.
Chapter 2
Review of Related Literature

Related Laws and Jurisprudence enacted in order to Prevent Gender


Discrimination in the Philippines
• The Republic Act 9710 or otherwise known as “The Magna Carta of
Women”
• 1987 Constitution
• Local Ordinances that were enacted to prohibit gender discrimination
• Universal Declaration of Human Rights
• Thailand Gender Equality Act
• Halagueña vs. Philippine Airlines
Chapter 3
Research Methodology
Research Method
• In order to satisfy the objectives of the
dissertation, a quantitative research is to be
administered.
• Quantitative fits into this study since this study
aims to assess the situations, reasons and factors
why gender discrimination among students in the
secondary schools is prevalent during at this time.
Chapter 3
Research Methodology
Research Design
• For the purposes of this research, in depth
surveys were used. The researcher chose a
survey research design because it is best
the way to answer the questions and the
purposes of the study.
Chapter 3
Research Methodology
The survey questionnaires shall contain the ff questions:
• The several situations and factors that may contribute to the
student’s experience of gender discrimination in the school.
• The forms of gender discrimination that were experienced by
the students such as verbal abuse, preferential treatment or
forced isolated by their fellow students.
• To ask the student if she or he feels that there is a need for an
enactment of law that will protect them from their co-students
who will try to discriminate or isolate them because of their
gender.
Chapter 3
Research Methodology
Population of the Study
• The target population for this research are
the high school students in the schools in
Brgy. Sta. Isabel, City of Malolos, Bulacan
since these are the students that are only
within the researcher’s reach.
Chapter 3
Research Methodology
No. School Type of School

1 Holy Spirit Academy of Malolos Private Sectarian

2 Marcelo H. Del Pilar High School Public School

3 Holy Infant School Private Non-Sectarian