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Brief Description Advantages Drawbacks
Coagulation and Precipitation · Add iron chloride · High arsenic · Iron chloride not
powder to water in a removal rate if locally available
pot/bucket properly operated · Time consuming
· Stir and wait for the and complicated
sludge to settle operating procedures
· Decant the water
and
dispose the sludge

Simple aeration · Let water sit in a · Simple to operate · Poor arsenic


bucket for a day · Cheap removal rate
· Remove the settled · Easily contaminated
sludge by bacteria and viruses

Activated · Pass contaminated · Excellent arsenic · Expensive


Alumina water through a removal rate · Alumina not widely available
column
of activated alumina

3-Kolshi Iron · Pass water through · Iron filing widely · Treated water
Filings a available contains high iron
bucket of iron filings · Excellent arsenic removal rate · Clogging
(scrap iron)
· Collect water at
bottom of bucket
$  )*Õ
   
    
Brief Description Advantages Drawbacks

Chlorine · Add chlorine · High pathogen · Chlorine solution


Disinfection solution removal rate if not locally available
to water properly operated · Time consuming
· Stir and wait for and complicated
chlorine to inactive operating procedures
pathogens

Ceramic Filter · Water passes · Water passes · Very low flow rate
through through · Recontamination if
a ceramic filter a ceramic filter filter not properly
· Filter removes · Filter removes maintained
pathogens pathogens

Boiling · Boil water · Excellent pathogens · Time consuming


removal · Fuel can be
· Simple expensive

Slow Sand · Pass water through a · Excellent pathogens · Need 2-3 weeks
Filtration sand bed by gravity removal startup time to grow
· Biofilm in sand bed · High flowrate the biofilm layer
removes pathogens · Minimal
maintenance
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