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To reduce this voltage a non linear resistor should be imposed, this resistor increase the
absorbance of current 32 times, if the voltage is doubled, eg.
Voltage across relay current in non-linear resistor
120 0.01
240 0.32
480 10.24
600 30
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The relay impedance characteristic is a circle when it plotted on R-X diagram with its center at the origin,
became the relay does not take into account the phase angle between voltage and current applied to it
Fig(11.5) it is a non directional so that it can operate for all faults a long the vector
GL & GM . it has three main disadvantages
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|istance relay compares system voltage to system current presented to it to find out the voltage
as the VT primary side :
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