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Tecnologa Educativa

MODELOS INSTRUCTIVOS:

Gabriela Baltierra Bichel Regina Barrios Guzman M. Magdalena Rodriguez G.

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LOGISTICA ORGANIZACIONAL DE GARCIA GONZALEZ SIEA (SISTEMA INTEGRAL DE ENSEANZA APRENDIZAJE

MODELO ORDENADOR

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LOGISTICA ORGANIZACIONAL DE GARCIA GONZALEZ


Se inicia con el establecimiento de objetivos en trminos de lo que el alumno va a hacer con determinado material. Despus, con el establecimiento de requisitos necesarios, puede surgir la necesidad de modificar nuevamente los objetivos y se pasa en seguida al establecimiento de las condiciones de aprendizaje. Una vez realizados los ajustes necesarios, se evala como ltima etapa el funcionamiento de los alumnos y en base a los resultados se vuelve a iniciar el ciclo.

Logstica instruccional

Objetivos educacionales

Requisitos necesarios

Condiciones Del aprendizaje

Evaluacin

Estos 4 elementos que interactan entre s con su logstica instruccional es la base de desarrollo del modelo. Incluye la retroalimentacin (feed-back),dentro de la evaluacin en el contexto global del diseo

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A)

Objetivos

El autor define como los propsitos que se persiguen al iniciar un siclo de instruccin

Criterios formales

Objetivos educacionales

Contenido + conducta deseada + ndice de eficacia

Trminos no ambiguos Conducta observable

Criterios normativos

Contenido de la materia Conducta deseada Requisitos

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B) Prerrequisitos:
Este elemento del sistema logstico coincide con el de conducta inicial de Glaser. Pero el autor puntualiza que no slo hay que considerar la conducta del alumno, sino tambin la del profesor que debe estar familiarizado en los mtodos e instrumentos que posiblemente se emplearn en la enseanza

En ella se examinan todas aquellas operaciones o acciones que pueden influir en el aprendizaje del alumno. Coincide plenamente con el sistema bsico, aunque en este el elemento que describimos se denomine sistema operativo o, ms concreto, procedimientos instructivos. Se consideran en l los mtodos empleados, los auxiliares didcticos y las actividades necesarias. Se enfoca a detectar, mediante los instrumentos evaluadores apropiados, lo aspectos que requieren ser revisados y mejorados en el binomio enseanzaaprendizaje.

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SIEA
(SISTEMA INTEGRAL DE ENSEANZA APRENDIZAJE)

El autor de SIEA- Alberto Bloch- considera el aprendizaje como base de su sistema, aunque en la denominacin del mismo aparezca el trmino enseanza. Lo importante es conocer como el individuo alcanza nuevas capacidades y conocimientos mediante un proceso. El SIEA est pensado como un sistema dinmico ene l que ningn elemento tiene carcter vitalicio. Formalmente no cambia, pero se adapta a la instruccin, considerada como una actividad tan cambiante como la vida misma: proceso, porque hoy da no existe conocimientos definitivos ni estables, pues continuamente se hace necesario reconocer, actualizar y dar vigencia continua y sistemtica al conocimiento inicialmente adquirido.

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Si concretamos el tema en los elementos interactuantes, encontramos los siguientes:

1.
Identificacion del problema
Adquirir informacin para solucionarlo y comprender y analizar el medio ambiente.

2.

Al principio y al final del sistema hay unos parmetros de evaluacin en trminos de una conducta inicial y final.

5.

Resolver el problema, lo cual supone conocer los mtodos, tcnicas e instrumentos necesarios y saberlos adaptar a la realidad a la vez que se ponen en accin.

3.

4.

Evaluar la solucin del problema que equivale a detectar el efecto conseguido y la capacidad de las acciones que se han empleado en proporcin al grado de solucin alcanzado.

Quiz sea un tanto extrao que se introduzca aqu el concepto problema como punto inicial del sistema, cuando hemos visto antes aparecer siempre el objetivo como momento de arranque. El propio autor aclara el porqu: "Se opto por este concepto de enseanzaaprendizaje basado en el trmino problema, porque nos remite al principio de educacin, a la necesidad de trascendencia del hombre y sus valores; en una o en otra forma, la educacin es un adiestramiento para la supervivencia y para la comprensin y valorizacin de la misma".

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No se habla en el modelo de feed-back, pero como sucede en otros diseos, est implcito en la misma dinmica del mismo. Block plantea la retroalimentacin fuera del sistema e insiste en que es inherente a la misma dinmica del SIEA. Para facilitar l comprensin e importancia de esta dinmica interna veremos los tres pilares que la fundamentan: .
INFORMACIN que consiste en conocer el problema, los medios disponibles y los principios y valores que deben formar el sistema las tres partes estn en continua retroalimentacin, y si son los tres fundamentos del sistema quiere decir que todo l est retroalimentado. EJERCITACIN

que consiste en realizar las soluciones previstas en condiciones anlogas a las que prevalecen a la realidad.

EVALUACIN que es la medicin y anlisis de los resultados obtenidos, mediante la incorporacin de aquellas experiencias y conocimientos que pueden ser eficaces y la revisin de aquellos que no lo fueron.

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