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Arterial Blood Gases

General Considerations
 PH = Increased - Alkalosis
Decreased - Acidosis

 PCO2 = Increased – Acidosis


Decreased – Alkalosis

 HCO3 = Increased – Alkalosis


Decrease - Acidosis
A. Metabolic Acidosis
 Results from RENAL FAILURE

B. Respiratory Acidosis

 Results from RESPIRATORY


FAILURE,
NARCOTICS,NEUROMUSCULAR DIS.
C. Metabolic Alkalosis
 Results from Gastric Suction,
vomiting,
Long Term Steriod Therapy

D. Respiratory Alkalosis

 Results from Head Trauma, Fever,


Emotions, Salicylate Ingestion,
Shock