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A BIOMETRICS BASED TECHNOLOGY

WHAT IS BIOMETRICS??

Bio + metrics: The statistical measurement of biological data. Biometrics comprises methods for uniquely recognizing humans based upon one or more intrinsic physical or behavioral traits.

Biometric characteristics can be divided in two main classes: 1. Physiological 2. Behavioral

What is iris??

Why iris recognition??


Impossible to surgically modify. Different for even twins with same DNA sequence. 200 different check points. Resistance to False Matching

1 in 1000 billion approx.

Stability of Characteristic over lifetime


Can be used for both logical and physical access. Not intrusive and hygienic - no physical contact required No effect of contact lenses.

HOW IT WORKS??
(a) Image capture : A simple CCD digital camera uses both visible and near-infrared light to take a clear, high-contrast picture of the iris . One needs to place his/her eye at 3 to 10 inches from the camera.

HOW IT WORKS?? (Contd)


(b) Image pre-processing: The eye lids and eye lashes are removed using algorithms, after that the image contrast is improved. With nearinfrared light, a person's pupil is very black, making it easy for the computer to isolate the pupil and iris

HOW IT WORKS?? (Contd)


From the result of the pre-processing process the following are detected : The center of the pupil The edge of the pupil The edge of the iris The eyelids and eyelashes

HOW IT WORKS?? (Contd)


c) Feature extraction: An iris scan analyzes over 200 points of the iris like Rings, Corona

HOW IT WORKS?? (Contd)


(d)code generation: Then the patterns in the iris are analyzed and translates them into 2048 bits code.

HOW IT WORKS?? (Contd)


(e) template matching: The code so generated is compared with the existing code in the database and the decision is taken.

OVER ALL PROCESS BLOCK DIAGRAM


DATABASE

IMAGE CAPTURE

IMAGE PREPROCESSING

FEATURE EXTRACTION

CODE GENERATION

TEMPLATE MATCHING

DECISION

COMPARISON WITH OTHERS


METHOD OF SECURITY IRIS RECOGNITION FINGER PRINTING HAND SHAPE FACIAL RECOGNITION SIGNATURE VOICE PRINTING MISIDENTIFICATION RATE 1 IN 1000 BILLION 1 IN 1000 1 IN100 1 IN100 1IN100 1 IN 50

APPLICATIONS of iris recognition


Identity cards and passports, border control and other Government programs, prison security, database access and computer login, hospital security, schools, aviation security, controlling access to restricted areas, buildings and homes.

DISADVANTAGES
Costly equipments. Require improved algorithms so that 310 inches range can be increased to meters.

Future projects

Almost all popular countries of the world have future projects on this technology ,INDIA in its unique identification project which is the worlds largest biometrics project will be using iris recognition. The project is allocated 1900 crores in this budget . The project is expected to generate 5 lakh new jobs.

FUTURE PROJECTS CONTD.

Iris-scan revenues are projected to grow from $16.2m in 2002 to $710.2m in 2010.

Vision 2020

CONCLUSION
IRIS can be used for access control because of its uniqueness, speed and very low false access ratio. The work is required in improvement of algorithms so that vision 2020 becomes reality.

Questions

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THANK YOU!! Technology is the dream of today and the reality of tomorrow