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CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

How to Enhance Your Lecture Materials for Classroom & On-line


Facilitators Mei Fang, Wanze Li, Rambo Lai, Anthony Ho

Ubahsual & Alih Bahasa: Mustaffar Abd Majid, IPPM Melaka mam@ippm.edu.my
Instructional Development Unit, CELT

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Kerangka ASSURE

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Kerangka ASSURE
Sebelum Pengajaran Semasa Pengajaran

Selepas Pengajaran

A
Analyze Students

S
State Objective

S
Select Methods, Media, & Materials

U
Utilize Media & Materials

R
Require learner participation

E
Evaluate & Revise

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

A S

U R E

Analyze Students (Menganalisis Pelajar)


You mean they never had that basic course before this course?
Says a surprised instructor.

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Analyze Students
Aims (Matlamat)
Aim before you shoot Get to know your large enrollments of students as identifiable learners Establish premises for selecting instructional methods, media, and materials later

But dont label your students. Conduct your own survey!

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Analyze Students
How-to suggestions
Extant data (Wujud / Sedia ada)
Basic profile

Learner characteristics (Ciri Pelajar)


Study styles and habits

Academic background (Latarbelakang Akademik)


Learning prerequisites

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Analyze Students
Extant data
Mean age is 19.4, single, predominantly male Live at home with parents & siblings Live in small flat (450 sq ft), shared bedroom, no dedicated study area/desk Commute for 1 - 2 hrs Commit to part time work as a tutor Probably is the first person in family to go to university Rely on parents for financial support

Reports and publications from SAO of UST

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Analyze Students
Learner characteristics
Driven by assessment and marks Skilled in recalling information for exams Not motivated in extra readings and rely on lecture notes Inclined to work cooperatively Reticent and passive in class but curious about applied knowledge Adaptive as ESL learners in a Cantonese predominant society Frequent web users around 1-2 AM

Talk to your TAs or other graduate students.


TEHE site from PolyU -How do HK students learn? Link to Virtual learner requirements Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line
Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Analyze Students
Academic background
Are assigned to either Arts stream or Science stream after Form 3 Attended secondary schools that either conducted in all English or Chinese Have to meet JUPAS admission requirements for university admission Attended English classes for: five hr/wk in secondary school two hr/wk in UST

Talk to your TAs or other graduate students.


JUPAS Admission requirements

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

A S

U R E

State Objectives (Menyatakan Objektif)


What am I supposed to learn? There are so much stuff in the lecture!
Says the puzzled student.

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

State Objectives
Aims (Tujuan)
To match expectations of both students and teachers (Selaraskan keperluan kurikulum SP & HSP) To align with assessment criteria and course goal (Sesuaikan dengan HP dan pentaksiran) To elicit learning outcomes that are measurable or observable (HP adalah SMART) To encourage a range of intellectual activities (Menggalakkan aktiviti HOTS)
What is the difference between a learning objective and am instructional objective?

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

State Objectives
Instructional VS learning (Pengajaran VS Pembelajaran
To promote student centered learning (Mempromosi pembelajaran berpusatkan pelajar) Learning objectives VS teaching objectives
This lecture will introduce the parts of speech in modern English.

In this lecture, you will learn to distinguish and use different parts of speech in modern English To name the parts of speech in a sentence To recognize the different applications of these parts in writing Enhancing Lecture Materials To apply the parts of speech in short memo writing.
for Classroom and On-line
Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

State Objectives
How-to suggestions (Cadangan bagaimana)
Distinguishing the learning domains (membezakan domain pembelajaran) Constructing learning objectives (membina objektif pembelajaran)

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

State Objectives
Distinguishing the learning domains SAK
Skills (Kemahiran)
Bodily: such as techniques, procedures, manipulations Interpersonal: such as communication, leadership Emotional: such as reactions, values, opinions Intellectual: such as knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation

SAK it to me!

Attitude (Sikap)
Knowledge (Pengetahuan)

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

State Objectives
Distinguishing the learning domains
Knowledge Blooms taxonomy

1. knowledge (pengetahuan) 2. comprehension (kefahaman) 3. application (aplikasi) 4. Analysis (analisis) 5. Synthesis (sintesis) 6. Evaluation (penilaian)
Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line
Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

State Objectives
Constructing learning objectives The ABCD rule
Audience (Sasaran)
specific group or general students of the course

Behavior (Tingkahlaku)
Performance or knowledge

Condition (Keadaan)
Requirements

Degree (Tahap)
Level of difficulty
Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line
Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

State Objectives
Audience Behavior

COMP 101 students are able to construct and publish web enabled project presentations such that the class can access and view on the Internet from both the latest versions of IE and Netscape browsers.
Degree Condition
Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line
Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

State Objectives Hands-on exercise: Evaluation of learning objectives

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

A S

U R E

Select Methods, Materials, & Media


WHAT you teach is important, but HOW you teach will make the WHAT become meaningful to students.
Says a veteran teacher.

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Select Methods, Media and Materials


Aims Use media to enhance your instructional needs Maximize the power of bytes Select the tools that you feel comfortable Refer to your students operational needs Avoid overuse of novelty Base your selections on how well they enhance student learning

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Select Methods, Materials, & Media


How-to suggestions
Instructional material Instructional method Learning medium, media element and tool

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Selecting Instructional Materials


Select from local resources
Case studies, application examples, etc.

Select materials from your assigned textbooks publisher


Ready made presentation slides, glossary, etc. Ready made online supplements or courses

Accumulate online resources


Professional journals, professional societies, references, etc.
Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line
Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Selecting Instructional Methods


Reminder: Learning methods of students
Information oriented lecture contents
Find ways to memorize and recall

Application or design oriented lecture contents


Identify what are the desired method and result

Analysis oriented lecture contents


Learn to evaluate the issues critically

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Selecting Instructional Methods


Socratic presentation, self directed Reminder: Learning methods of students quizzes, etc. learning aid, objective Information oriented lecture contents
Find ways to memorize and recall

Application or design oriented lecturehands-on practice, Demonstration, contents Identify what are the desired methodcollaborative project, etc. feedback, and result Analysis oriented lecture contents
Learn to evaluate the issues critically

Case study, group discussion, debate, role play, opinion polling, field trip, open end quizzes, etc.

More examples are available at:


http://celt.ust.hk/ideas/

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Selecting Media Elements


Text enhance understanding
Elements: Definition, label, procedure, principle, quotation, statistic, acronym, etc.

Text
Image
Animation
Sound Video

Image enhance visualization


Elements: Photo, cartoon, illustration, chart, special symbol, etc.

Animation-simulate reality
Elements: Sequence of major images in motion, etc.

Sound - capture or simulate reality


Elements: Narration, sound effect, music, etc.

Video - capture reality


Elements: Taping of occurred events, broadcast of actual event, etc.
Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line
Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Selecting Learning Media


Classroom Lecture (F2F) to reach many at the same time in person to introduce macro concepts to elaborate with examples or demonstrations to clarify for students quickly On-line Lecture (Virtual)

to access and utilize materials at any time


to discuss and work collaboratively with other classmates to disseminate information quickly

to experience multimedia and interactive materials

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Select Methods, Media & Materials


Demonstration of integrated examples
BIEN 524 (materials) CIVL 524 (methods) BICH 172/182 (integrated)
More examples are available at:
http://celt.ust.hk/ideas/o lt/SApp/index.html

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

A S

U R E

Utilize Media and Materials

IT skills help me become self reliant!


Says a new lecturer.

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Utilization of Media and Materials


Aims
To add impact and interest To draw and retain attention To promote critical thinking To stimulate active learning

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Utilization of Media and Materials


Media use and retention rate

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Utilization of Media and Materials


Copyright issues
For printed works
Refer to the Guidelines for Photocopying of Printed Works Observe licensing schemes for copying

UST is a notfor-profit educational establishment Copy no more than 15 articles from newspapers per course per year. Library, UST

For digital works and newspapers


Refer to the Librarys Statement on Copyright For teaching purposes only Extent of copying must be reasonable Copies must not be made to the public

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Utilization of Media and Materials


Copyright issues
For all works: Always follow the license agreements, if any
For example: MicroSoft Design Gallery Live Content
Can be used only if:

If in doubt, ask! IPD, HKSAR

You are covered by a valid license of the MicroSoft product You integrate the content of the product into your work
Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line
Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Utilization of Media and Materials


Demonstrations
Formatting hierarchical contents
Use Style, TOC, Send To PowerPoint

Integrating media elements


Insert pict file, use drawing tools

Converting lecture materials and lecture slides for on-line


Save as web page, print as pdf document
Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line
Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

A S

U R E

Require Student Participation


Tell me and I will know. Show me and I will understand. Involve me and I will remember.
An old Chinese proverb.

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Require Student Participation


Aims
Helps students take ownership of learning Enhances knowledge retention and self efficacy Be aware of other view points

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Require Student Participation


How-to suggestions
PRS and customized questions for:
Demystification of misconceptions Opinion polling Peer learning
More examples are available at:
http://celt.ust.hk/ideas/

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Require Student Participation


How-to suggestions
Assignment of student groups and group tasks such as:
Problem based task Discussions

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Require Student Participation


How-to suggestions
On-line Learning Management System
Interactive exercises Open discussion forum Self assessments with feedback

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

A S

U R E

Evaluate and Revise


It takes about two to three semesters to perfect a course.
Says a veteran teacher.

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Evaluate and Revise


Aims
To determine the effectiveness of both instruction and learning
During the lecture After the lecture

To revise and improve on the instructional methods or learning outcomes

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Evaluate and Revise


How-to suggestions
For students Formative and summative surveys One minute reflection Short pre or post tests / quizzes

For lecturers Micro teaching Peer evaluation Teaching portfolio

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Reflection Question
In regard to our workshop today, can you recall what does the ASSURE acronym stand for?

Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line


Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

Summary
Lecture could be a versatile format for different instructional strategies Integration of classroom and on-line could be effective
Before Lecture During Lecture

Your TA is your best partner in lecture!

After Lecture

A
Analyze Students

S
State Objective

S
Select Methods, Media, & Materials

U
Utilize Media & Materials

R
Require learner participation

E
Evaluate & Revise
Enhancing Lecture Materials for Classroom and On-line
Instructional Development Unit CELT, UST

CELT Dec 6 2002 DIY Workshop Series

THATS ALL TQ