6 views

Uploaded by Amar P Bilung

- BRM-_Question_bank_
- Hypothesis Testing.docx
- Mcqs-on-BRM
- Hypothesis Testing
- Cherry 1998 - Statistical Tests
- End Term Sample Question
- Simulation Lecture6
- At Lasst Final 4pm
- L9_hypo_2014
- Worksheet, Hypothesis Testing, Fa 14 w Ans
- qmm
- Research Methodology - Problem Identification & Formulation
- Chi Square
- Biostatistics in Dentistry
- SampleFinalMC
- J2015 Ishola - Effect of Internal Control System in Nigeria Public Sectors a Case Study of Nigeria
- Uum Msc Individual Project Guide Bpmn6073 Sem a161 Cyw (1)
- 2 sample z test
- False Positives and False Negatives - Wikipedia
- To p, or not to p.pdf

You are on page 1of 20

IN GREEK: hypotithenai. MEANING : put under" or "to suppose. MATHEMATICAL: Hypothesis refers to a clever idea or to a convenient mathematical approach that simplifies cumbersome calculations A hypothesis can be disproven, but not proven to be true. A hypothesis is an educated guess, based on observation.

Deciding the characteristics of the population from the sample study is very critical. Risk involved taking wrong decision. Example : new drug either for blood pressure or inducing sleep. Modern theory of probability decision making. Statics criteria fixing for probability. Testing of hypothesis. J.Neyman and E.S.Pearson sample size known. Abraham Wald: sample size is not fixed (Sequential Testing).

A statistical hypothesis is some assumption or statement which may or may not be true, about a population or equivalently about the probability distribution characterizing the given population, which we want to test on the basis of the evidence from a random sample. Simple population: completely specifies the population. Composite : partially specifies the population.

i. ii. iii.

2

iv.

v.

Sample statistic possible could differ from hypothetical sample parameter or from another sample value. The assessment is termed as significance of tests. Large sample size Normal test of significance. Small sample size Exact sample test of significance.

Random sampling result makes the test of significance valid for us. Set a hypothesis definite statement about the population parameter(s). This hypothesis is NULL HYPOTHESIS. Null hypothesis is the hypothesis which is tested for possible rejection under the assumption that it is true Denoted by H0.

Any hypothesis which is complementary to the null hypothesis is called an alternative hypothesis. Denoted by H1.

If H0 : = 0.

Then H1 should be

H1 : = 0. H1 : = 0. H1 : = 0.

The acceptance or rejection of H0 is meaningful only when tested against rival hypothesis.

There is a involved in arriving the decision to accept or reject a null hypothesis. The possible answers are:

Reject H0 when actually it is not true. Accept the H0 when it is true. Reject H0 when it is true. Accept H0 when it is false. The error of rejecting H0 when H0 is true - type 1 error. The error of H0 accepting when H0 is false type 2 error.

P[ reject H0 when it is true] = p[ type 1 error] = . P[ Accept H0 when it is wrong] = p[type 2 error] = . Example: Inspection of the quality of a product. (Industry) = P[rejecting a good lot]. =P[accepting the bad lot]. Which we can minimize: or .

= P[ Type 2 error] = P[ accepting H0 when H0 is false or H1 is true] . Now P[ accept H0 when ho is wrong] + P[reject H0 when H0 is true] =1 P[accept H0 when H0 is true ] =

The maximum size of type 1 error, which we are prepared to risk is known as the level of significance. Generally it will be = 5% or 95 %. = 0.05 or 0.95. Confidence coefficient = 1-

For example take several samples of the same size from a given population and compute some statistic. (say mean). Let t1,t2..tk be the value of the statistic for this sample. Some value may lead to rejection of Ho and some lead to accept of Ho. The statistic which lead to rejection of Ho gives us a region called Critical Region (C) or Rejection Region ( R). The statistic which lead to acceptance of Ho give us a region called Acceptance Region (A).

= p[ rejecting Ho when Ho is true] = p[ rejecting Ho / Ho] = p [t C/ Ho]

= p[ accepting Ho when Ho is wrong] = p[ accepting Ho when H1 is true] = p[accepting Ho / H1 is true] = p[t A/ Ho]

In order to test whether a coin is perfect, it is tossed 5 times. The null hypothesis of perfectness of the coin is accepted if and only if atmost 3 heads are obtained. Then the power of the test corresponding to alternative hypothesis that probability of head is 0.4 Choose: 272/3152. 2853/3152. 56/3152. None of these above

- BRM-_Question_bank_Uploaded byPrakash Bhatia
- Hypothesis Testing.docxUploaded byFarzana Alamgir
- Mcqs-on-BRMUploaded byOmran Salah
- Hypothesis TestingUploaded byRajashekhar B Beedimani
- Cherry 1998 - Statistical TestsUploaded bytarumatu
- End Term Sample QuestionUploaded bymukesh04
- Simulation Lecture6Uploaded byChakanetsa Mukwenha
- At Lasst Final 4pmUploaded by0810pgdbm1103242
- L9_hypo_2014Uploaded byDonald Yum
- Worksheet, Hypothesis Testing, Fa 14 w AnsUploaded byhassinanar
- qmmUploaded bygladwin thomas
- Research Methodology - Problem Identification & FormulationUploaded byFrancisca Rebello
- Chi SquareUploaded byLori Jeffries
- Biostatistics in DentistryUploaded byNaghman Zuberi
- SampleFinalMCUploaded byGamal Ali
- J2015 Ishola - Effect of Internal Control System in Nigeria Public Sectors a Case Study of NigeriaUploaded bybudimah
- Uum Msc Individual Project Guide Bpmn6073 Sem a161 Cyw (1)Uploaded bygohkhengho
- 2 sample z testUploaded byRizwan Hita
- False Positives and False Negatives - WikipediaUploaded byPramod Kumar Chaudhary
- To p, or not to p.pdfUploaded byVasincuAlexandru
- Business StatisticsUploaded byJohn Hughes
- CBE Life Sci Educ-2016-Liu-.pdfUploaded byq234234234
- icm1954.2.0275.0276.ocrUploaded byAAKASHKANSAL
- 9.Management-Motivation Tools as a Determinant of Effectiveness -Ebadu PaulUploaded byImpact Journals
- Char1 SummaryUploaded byAJ AJ
- Statistical Analysis of Diagnosed Hypertensive and Non Hypertensive Diabetic PatientsUploaded byIJSTR Research Publication
- KD Validity IEEE 802 11Uploaded byPablo Rodriguez
- skittle project snUploaded byapi-258541165
- Stt630chap6Uploaded byPi
- math 1040 skittles term project aynoaUploaded byapi-301347675

- Addressing Attribution of Cause and Effect in Small n Impact Evaluations. Towards an Integrated FrameworkUploaded byListyaEndangArtiani
- dis4007.pdfUploaded byheveadi
- ON CHOMSKY'S REVIEW OF SKINNER'S Verbal behavior - Kenneth MacCorquodale.pdfUploaded bySergio Nicolás Sabogal García
- Exercise Physiology Lab ReportUploaded byMadison Salvitti
- Macroeconomics PrinciplesUploaded byNahid Hossain
- Action Research 101: Mind MapUploaded byAliff Aniki
- A Statistical Report Online Poker Rigged or Not a Case Study PokerstarsUploaded byVit Mawis
- Intro to Thesis Writing 0Uploaded byMohdmuslim Abdkoha
- Imre Lakatos, Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research ProgrammesUploaded bylimuvi
- Theoretical Basis of Nursing Notes.docxUploaded byJoYCe
- Research MethodologyUploaded bySurbhi Jain
- Chapter9 StatsUploaded byPoonam Naidu
- Title-Page-Research-1[1].docxUploaded byDemie
- Educational Research MCQS (1)Uploaded byMahar Ghulam Murtaza
- (Wikipedia 2017) Abductive ReasoningUploaded byZack
- Mukesh MakwanaUploaded bymitsu_acharya
- Midterm Exam in Practical Research 1Uploaded byDhon Padios Besa
- EDUploaded bydud_rj
- 101-Guide Case StudyUploaded byefbcandido
- A Longitudinal Pilot Study of the Rorschach as a Neuropsychological InstrumentUploaded byvictorpsyche
- Schneider DecentralizationUploaded byMada Satria
- Hummel BrunnerUploaded byA9M1S1
- Climate Change Research ValidationUploaded byMarissa Adraincem
- J&M-6Uploaded by1wocker1
- essayonthecreati00ribouoftUploaded byankkca
- Lea AssignmentUploaded byMarivie Viloria
- MB0050-SLM-Unit-05Uploaded byGall All
- Hypothesis (2)Uploaded bysonnetthomas
- ThesisUploaded byAlaa Emam
- Concept of Research and ImportanceUploaded byJosephin Dyna