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Gas Law

INVISIBLE BUT EXIST.

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Gas law?

a. b. c.

Gas behave differently from the other states of matter which are solid and liquid. In solid, the molecules relative are almost constant. But in a gas, the molecules can move around and can interact with each other by different method. So we have different method on treating gases in certain condition. In this law, we want to measure the three different variables : Pressure Volume Temperature

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To see the relationship between these three variables, we have the three different law which are : a. Boyles Law b. Charles Law c. Pressure Law

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Boyles Law
Boyles Law shows the relationship between the pressure and volume of an ideal gas before and after of those quantities changes at a constant temperature. The reducing volume of the gas container, the higher the collision between the gas molecule and therefore will gives higher pressure. In the mathematician equation is : PfVf = PiVi
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Charless Law
Charless Law show the relationship between the volume and temperature at a constant pressure. The temperature of the gases increases cause the volume of the container to increase. This is due to the increasing in kinetic energy cause the walls container to increase. In the mathematician equation is : Vf = Vi TfFreeTi Template from 66
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Pressure Law
Pressure Law state the relationship between temperature and pressure at a constant volume. When the temperature is increase, the kinetic energy also increase and therefore the pressure between the molecule of gas and walls of the container will exert a high pressure.
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Engage (Elicit Idea)

How the hot air balloons rise up to the sky? Free Template from www.brainybetty.com 88

Engage (Elicit Idea)

What happen to these balloon when put in different types of situation? Free Template from www.brainybetty.com 99

Engage (Elicit Idea)

Wow. Looks like the rocket have launch up to the sky. How does this happen? Free Template from www.brainybetty.com 1010

Engage (Elicit Idea)

How to make that the ping pong balls back to the normal shape? Free Template from www.brainybetty.com 1111

Empower
data logger

Experiment 1

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Empower
data logger

pressure sensor

balloon

temperature sensor
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beaker 1313

Empower
What do you think will happen when, i. The temperature is increased? ii. The pressure is increased?

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Empower Experiment 2

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Empower
What do you think will happen when, i. The volume is increased? ii. The volume is decreased?

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Result
Expected result :

The graph of the temperature against Free Template from pressure (Charless Law)
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Result

The graph of the pressure against volume (Boyles Law)


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Discussion
Experiment 1 : i. Based on the graph, what can you relate the relationship between the temperature against pressure? ii. What happen when the temperature is increased? iii. Will the shape of the balloon will changed by changing the teperature?
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Discussion
Experiment 2 : i. Based on the graph, what are the relationship between the volume of the syringe with the pressure? ii. Can you explained?

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Enrichment

Boyles law
http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/k-12/airplane/aboyle.html

Charless Law
http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/k-12/airplane/glussac.html

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Enrichment

When you open the tin, you will hear the hissing sound. Why did this happen?

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Enrichment

Can you see the differences size of air bubbles? Explain.


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Enrichment

What happen when you throw this aerosol can in to the fire? Why?
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