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BETTER SCIENCE THROUGH DATA LOGGING CHARLESS LAW INVISIBLE BUT EXIST!

THE SYLLABUS

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GAS LAW?
Gas behave differently from the other states of matter which are solid and liquid. In solid, the molecules relative are almost constant. But in a gas, the molecules can move around and can interact with each other by different method. So we have different method on treating gases in certain condition. In this law, we want to measure the three different variables : a. Pressure b. Volume c. Temperature

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CHARLESS LAW?
Charless Law show the relationship between the volume and temperature at a constant pressure. The temperature of the gases increases cause the volume of the container to increase. This is due to the increasing in kinetic energy cause the walls container to increase. In the mathematician equation is : Vf = Vi Tf Ti

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EXPERIMENT 1
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VOLUME AND TEMPERATURE OF GAS.

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ENGAGE

How hot air balloon can rise up to the sky? Why it can be like that?

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ENGAGE

How to make that the ping pong balls back to the normal shape? Why the ping pong balls can expand when it is place in hot water?
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EMPOWER

Heat
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EMPOWER
Retort stand Test tube Temperature sensor Balloon Beaker

Bunsen burner

Pressure sensor

Data logger
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EMPOWER Result

The balloon contract

Before experiment
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EMPOWER Result

The balloon contract

After experiment
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EMPOWER
Result

Table 1

Table 2
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Table 3
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EMPOWER Result

Table 5 Table 4

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EMPOWER Result

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EMPOWER Discussion
Experiment 1 : i. Based on the graph, what can you relate the relationship between the temperature against pressure? ii. What happen when the temperature is increased? iii. Will the shape of the balloon will changed by changing the teperature?

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ENHANCE

Predict what will happen when you throw this aerosol can in to the fire? Why?

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EXTENSION

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Enhancement
Obtain a boiler stand, burner, thermometer, glass tube with mercury bead, ice and salt. Mix the ice (or snow) and salt in the boiler to obtain a mixture 5-10oC below zero.. Insert the glass tube and thermometer through the two hole stopper, keeping the thermometer bulb even with the midpoint of the lower portion of the glass tube. Why? Plot a graph of height of bead vs. temp. as the mixture is heated. What difficulties were encountered in measuring the height of the bead? Extrapolate your graph down to zero height. What temperature does this represent? Why do the top and/or bottom points not fall along the general line of the other points? Note: Thoroughly rinse off all of your equipment after the experiment as the hot salt water causes very rapid rusting.

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Examples of simulation
http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/k-12/airplane/glussac.html http://group.chem.iastate.edu/Greenbowe/sections/projectfolder/flashfiles/gas law/charles_law.html

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Examples of Modelling
http://www.chem.ufl.edu/~itl/2045/MH_sims/gas_sim.html

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