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Integrated Child Protection Scheme

Mrs. Loveleen Kacker Joint Secretary (CW) Ministry of Women and Child Development Government of India

Child Population in India




India has the highest children in the world. world.

number

of

More than one third of population is below 18 years

countrys

Approximately 40% of the population 40% (around 440 million) is children

Status of Children in India


India has
   

  

highest rate of neo-natal deaths (around 35%) in the world neo40% of child malnutrition in developing world 50% of the child mortality Reducing number of girls in 0-6 age group- for every 1000 0groupboys 927 girls 46% children from ST and 38% SC out of school High school dropout specially among girls High rate of child marriage:
37% of literate & 51% of illiterate girls are married below 18  10% of literate & 15% of illiterate boys are married below 18


 

Large number of child labourers Large number of sexually abused children

Protection Issues


Protecting children in difficult circumstances including natural disasters:


 

Children in Need of Care and Protection Child in Conflict with Law

 

Elimination of child labour Protecting children from being trafficked for commercial and sexual exploitation Protecting children affected by HIV/AIDS

Children in Need of Care & Protection


       

  

Orphans, abandoned & destitute children Missing or run-away children runStreet & working children Children of sex workers Abused, tortured and exploited children Children indulging in substance abuse Children affected by HIV/AIDS Children affected by natural calamities, emergencies and man made disasters Children with disabilities Child beggars Children suffering from terminal/incurable disease

Existing Programmes
The existing schemes & programmes of GOI includes:
 

    

A Programme for Juvenile Justice Scheme for Working Children in need of care and protection Integrated Programme for Street Children Shishu Greha Scheme General Grant-in-aid Scheme CHILDLINE-24 hour help line for children in distress Rajiv Gandhi national crche scheme for the children of working mothers Pilot Project to Combat the Trafficking of Women and Children for Commercial Sexual Exploitation in Destination Areas Scheme for assistance to institutions/VOs for care and support to children affected by HIV/AIDS

Gaps


Lack of qualitative and quantitative data on:


  

Children in need of care & protection Children in conflict with law Institutional Care system

Standards of care not established and implemented Inadequate infrastructure under JJ system, like constitution of:
  

Juvenile Justice Boards Child Welfare Committees Special Juvenile Police Units

Lack of non-institutional and family based care nonsystem for children

Gaps
 

Skewed utilization of resources in terms of geographical spread; Lack of coordination and convergence of programmes/services; Inadequate emphasis for reintegration and restoration to families for rehabilitation; Inadequate budgetary allocation for child protection. Inadequate training and capacity building of functionaries under juvenile justice system

Current Initiatives


Amendment of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 Comprehensive Scheme Integrated Child Protection Programme Adoption Scheme

Proposed Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS)




GOI has proposed to combine its existing different child protection schemes under one integrated scheme It aims to provide for care and protection of all the children in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection. protection. It proposes to involve steps to: to:


Strengthen families and prevent them from breakup and children becoming homeless and without care and protection. protection. Provide support to children already outside the mainstream, beginning from emergency outreach services to final rehabilitation with their families/ society. society.

Objectives
The Integrated Child Protection Scheme aims at: Creating a safety net for children in need of care and protection and children in conflict with law  Promoting preventive measures to enable families to stay together and prevent avoidable institutionalization of children  Providing services to the more vulnerable categories of children through specialized programmes  Establishing linkages for restoration of children to their biological families/ placement with adoptive families or foster families  Ensuring effective implementation through the creation of State level child protection units  Supplementing and strengthening the infrastructure established under the Juvenile Justice Act, 2000


Objectives
Creating emergency access through CHILDLINE and followed by counseling, restoration and rehabilitative services along with linkages to other available services under various schemes of the Government of India/State Governments/VOs  Building capacities of families, community, NGOs, local bodies, police, judiciary and other concerned departments of State Government  Undertaking research, advocacy and spreading awareness about child related issues.  Networking amongst the Allied Systems to ensure proper treatment of children, care and rehabilitation  Initiating any other need based specialized innovative services including child guidance and counselling especially to combat drug abuse, HIV/AIDS and sexual abuse.


Integrated Child Protection Scheme Secretary

Child Adoption Cell

State Child Protection Unit

Dist. CP Officer

Dist. CP Officer

Dist. Probation Officer

Legal Officer

Social Workers (2)

Scoial Workers (2)

Shishu Greha

Juvenile in Conflict with Law JJB

Non-Institutionalization Scheme

Children in Need of Care & Protection CWC

Probation Officer

Homes

SPJU

Homes

Components of the Scheme


The components of the scheme would be broadly divided in two categories:


Juvenile in conflict with law, and Children in need of care and protection

Components of the ICPS


Juvenile in conflict with law: Under this component, the Scheme would support setting up:
State Child Protection Unit  Observation Homes  Special Homes  Aftercare Homes  Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBs)  Special Juvenile Police Units (SPJU)


Components of the ICPS


Children in Need of Care & Protection: Under this component, the Scheme would support setting up:
      

State Child Protection Unit Childrens Homes Shelter Homes AfterAfter-care Organisations Child Welfare Committees (CWCs) 2424-hour Drop-in Shelters for Street Children DropCHILDLINE Service

Funding Pattern
ICPS to be a centrally sponsored scheme and shall be implemented through the State/UT  Bulk funding from the Central Government.  State/UT shall in turn provide grant-in-aid grant-into voluntary organizations under the different components  Eligibility criteria laid down for providing grant-ingrant-in-aid under the Scheme shall be adhered


Information sought from States


 

What funding and administrative support is provided by the State Governments to CWCs/ JJBs? What is the expenditure required for the monthly maintenance of a child in an Observation/ Childrens Home i.e. for his food, clothing and other basic amenities? What are the provisions made by the State Government for restoration of a child to his/her family (a) within the State (b) outside the State? Whether each case of restoration is provided with any funds and how much? What are the measures taken by the State Govt. to ensure that children in Observation/Childrens Home are being given proper education? Are they being sent to school outside the home or is the education being imparted within the home? What are the vocational training facilities available to the children lodged in various homes? What are the counseling and awareness facilities for children in homes especially for drug abuse and HIV/AIDS? What is the type of training being given to the staff of homes and its frequency? Whether Special Juvenile Police Units have been set up in the State?

Proposed Adoption Scheme




Central Adoption Resource Agency (CARA) functions as the Central Authority for promoting Adoptions in India The Ministry recognizes that there are gaps in the existing Adoption system A draft Scheme has been prepared to streamline the Adoption System in the country

Proposed Adoption Scheme




The major components of the draft scheme include:


 

Redefining the goals for Adoption Reforming relevant laws




Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act 2000 InIn-country Adoption InterInter-country Adoption

Rescheduling the procedure of:


 

 

Restructuring the system Introducing the scheme of assistance for:


 

Regional Offices of CARA at Kolkata, Guwahati, Mumbai, Bangalore, Delhi, Lucknow and Bhopal State Adoption Cells in every State

State Adoption Cell




The State Adoption Cell at other hand would be setup to:


 

License and monitor Child Care Institutions involved in adoption; Maintain a comprehensive List of Child Care Institutions involved in adoption; Collect and maintain centralised list of children available for adoption; Register and place adoptable children with prospective adoptive parents (PAPs) and to handle matters incidental thereto; Act as the clearing house of adoption information at the state level;

State Adoption Cell




Furnish the list of adoptable children and prospective adoptive parents to the concerned CARA Regional Office in prescribed format on monthly basis if their needs could not be addressed within the State; Enhance capacity building of district level functionaries involved in adoption including Child Protection Officers; Provide all kinds of adoption data to CARA Regional Office in the prescribed format on monthly basis.

Information sought from States




Whether State Adoption Cell has been set up in the State and what are the basic activities? What are the numbers of adoptions that have taken place under (a) HAMA (b) JJ Act, 2000? What are the problems coming in the way of adoption under the JJ Act, 2000? What are the numbers of adoptable children in the (a) State run Children/other homes, (b) other homes being run by voluntary agencies? Whether any attempt has been made by the State to bring them into adoption scope/net? Whether VCA existing in the State and if not whether any efforts being made to set it up?