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# INTRODUCTION

TO PARABOLA HISTORY OF PARABOLA SUSPENSION BRIDGES LAUNCHING OF A ROCKET PARABOLIC REFLECTORS PARABOLIC SHAPE OF A LIQUID FLASHLIGHTS AND HEADLIGHTS PARABOLIC TRAJECTORY OF A PROJECTILE

The parabola is a conic section, the intersection of a right circular conical surface and a plane parallel to a generating straight line of that surface. The line perpendicular to the directrix and passing through the focus is called the "axis of symmetry". The point on the axis of symmetry that intersects the parabola is called the"vertex", Parabolas can open up, down, left, right, or in some other arbitrary direction. Any parabola can be repositioned and rescaled to fit exactly on any other parabola that is, all parabolas are similar.

The name "parabola" is due to Apollonius, who discovered many properties of conic sections. The focusdirectrix property of the parabola and other conics is due to Pappus. Galileo showed that the path of a projectile follows a parabola, a consequence of uniform acceleration due to gravity. The idea that a parabolic reflector could produce an image was already well known before the invention of the reflecting telescope. Designs were proposed in the early to mid seventeenth century by many mathematicians including Ren Descartes, Marin Mersenne, and James Gregory. When Isaac Newton built the first reflecting telescope in 1668 he skipped using a parabolic mirror because of the difficulty of fabrication, opting for a spherical mirror. Parabolic mirrors are used in most modern reflecting telescopes and in satellite dishes and radar receivers.

Suspension bridges follow a curve which is intermediate between a parabola and a catenary. Approximations of parabola are also found in the shape of the main cables on a simple suspension bridge. The curve of the chains of a suspension bridge is always an intermediate curve between a parabola and a catenary. The parabolic shape of the cables along suspension bridges help carry the forces acting on the bridge to the top of the towers (which can usually stand flexing, buckling, and oscillation.

Everything on the planet Earth is subject to gravity. When on object is thrown or forced in a direction not on the ground, eventually gravity grabs it and drags it down. The path the object follows it that of a Parabola. The trajectory of a particle or body in motion under the influence of a uniform gravitational field without air resistance (for instance, a baseball flying through the air, neglecting air friction). The parabolic trajectory of projectiles was discovered experimentally by Galileo in the early 17th century

Many of the older space missions followed a parabolic path. When launched, the spacecraft never directly went into the atmosphere... that would surely cause it to burn up. Rather, it entered at an angle. While in space, it would continue to fall to the Earth and eventually, could be recovered. Aircraft used to create a weightless state for purposes of experimentation, such as NASA's Vomit Comet, follow a vertically parabolic trajectory for brief periods in order to trace the course of an object in free fall, which produces the same effect as zero gravity for most purposes.

Parabolic

shape formed by a liquid surface under rotation. Two liquids of different densities completely fill a narrow space between two sheets of plexiglass. The gap between the sheets is closed at the bottom, sides and top. The whole assembly is rotating around a vertical axis passing through the centre

In

terms of a car headlight, this property is used to reflect the light rays emanating from the focus of the parabola (where the actual light bulb is located) in parallel rays.