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Holographic Storage

Physics 496 Michael Atkinson

Why Holographic Storage?


Storage

Density

media stores data in whole volume

Speed

parses many bits at once

Reliability

Good shelf life High number of write cycles

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Outline

Holography Concepts

Refractive index modulation

Storing data
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Types of Holograms

Transmission Hologram
Can be used to store data Uses coherent light

Reflection Hologram
The kind you find on credit cards Uses white light

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Holography vs Photography

Black and white photograph

Intensity

Color photograph

Intensity and wavelength

Hologram

Intensity, phase, and sometimes wavelength

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Review of Interference

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Creating Hologram

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Pattern Left on Media

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Reconstructing the Image

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Qualitative Explanation of Storage

Reference beam
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Object image

Resultant pattern

Stored in film
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Qualitative Explanation of Reconstruction

Reference beam
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Stored in film

Reflection
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Photorefractive effect

Electrons gain energy from light Leave Valence band, can move freely Diffuse toward dark areas When beams removed, electrons settle and we have internal net electric fields Index of refraction changed due to electro-optic effect

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Intensity Threshold

EConduction
External electric field

EValence
Object Image Object Image
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Reference Beam Reference Beam


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Storing Data

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Reading Data

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Current State of Technology


Storage Transfer rates CD-ROM: 800 Mbytes 10 cents CD-ROM 52x: ~ 5 Mbit/second DVD+DL: 8.4 Gbytes - $3 DVD 16x: ~ 20 Mbit/s Blu-Ray DL: 50 Gbyte - $30 InPhase Tapestry: 20 Mbit/sec InPhase Tapestry: 300 Gbyte - $250 Blu-Ray and HDDVD: ~ 30 Mbit/sec Hard disk: 1 Tbyte - $300 7200 rpm Hard disk: 80 Mbit/sec HVD (future): 4 Tbytes

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References

Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics Vol 2, Serway and Jewett International Conference on Holography, Optical Recording, and Processing of Information: http://spiedl.aip.org/dbt/dbt.jsp?KEY=PSISDG&Volume=6252&Issue=1 Thermally sensitized optical recording in azobenzene polymers D.Illieva, M. Ivanon, T. Petrova, V. Dragostinova, G. Minchev, T. Todorov, L. Nikolova Refractive data of optical plastics for laser applications N. Sultanova, S. Kasarova, C. Ivanov, I. Nikolov Pulse Recording Dynamics of Diffraction Gratings in Xanthene Dyes Sensitized Photopolymer Material E. Vasilyev, V. Shelkovnikov, E. Pen, A. Plechanov Holographic recording in nanoparticle-doped photopolymer I. Naydenov, H. Sheriff, S. Mintova, S. Toala http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/optmod/holcon.html http://www.research.ibm.com/journal/rd/443/ashley.html http://www.howstuffworks.com/holographic-memory.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holographic_Versatile_Disc http://www.inphasetechnologies.com/downloads/pdf/products/2007TapestryProductBr ochure.pdf

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Image Sources

Slide 2: ad from slashdot.com Slide 6: http://sol.sci.uop.edu/~jfalward/lightinterference/lightwaveshowingelecvector.jpg http://www.chem.wisc.edu/~newtrad/CurrRef/BDGTopic/BDGFigs/3_13cdfere.gif Slide 7: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/optmod/imgopm/holo2.gif Slide 8: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/optmod/modpic/holripp.jpg Slide 9: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/optmod/imgopm/holo3.gif http://www.research.ibm.com/journal/rd/443/ashle2.gif Slide 10: drawn by me Slide 11: drawn by me Slide 13: taken from Thermally sensitized optical recording in azobenzene polymers, D.Illieva, M. Ivanon, T. Petrova, V. Dragostinova, G. Minchev, T. Todorov, L. Nikolova Slide 14: http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/holo-memory.gif Slide 15: http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/holo-memory2.gif Slide 16: http://www.inphase-technologies.com/images/products/drive-media_lg.jpg Slide 19: http://physicsweb.org/objects/world/13/7/7/pw-13-07-07fig4.gif

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Questions?

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