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Dutch Cradle to Cradle dwellings

prof. ir. J.M. Post


dr. ir. E.L.C. van Egmond - de Wilde de Ligny
ir. D.A.F. Anink (W/E adviseurs)
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

Presentation
– Research aim and field
– Preliminary research
– The Cradle to Cradle tool
• Development
• Results
• Conclusion
• Evaluation and discussion
– Next steps
• Building component
• Planning
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Research aim
–Application of Cradle to Cradle design concept
–Building component

 Research field
–Cradle to Cradle design concept
–Dutch single household dwellings
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Cradle to Cradle criteria


– Toxicity
– Closing of material cycles
– Respect
– Demand for recycled products
– Food production
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Cradle to Cradle criteria


– Toxicity
– Closing of material cycles
– Respect
– Demand for recycled products
– Food production
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Development
– Purpose
• Building component
• General impression
– Excel based tool
– Criteria from preliminary research
– Materialisation reference
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Development
– Purpose
• Building component
• General impression
– Excel based tool
– Criteria from preliminary research
– Materialisation reference
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Development
– Purpose
• Building component
• General impression
– Excel based tool
– Criteria from preliminary research
– Materialisation reference
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

– Building components
• Foundation Free of..
• Façade
• Inner walls Preferable
• Floors
• Roofs
Fully assessed
• Transportation
• Installation
• Interior
Optimized
– MBDC 5-dot
Fully eco-effective
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Results
– Results per building component
– Overall results
• Roof and inner walls best
– Timber
– Gypsum
• Foundation, façade and floors lowest score
– Concrete
– Bricks
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Results
– Results per building component
– Overall results
• Roof and inner walls best
– Timber
– Gypsum
• Foundation, façade and floors lowest score
– Concrete
– Bricks
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

Eengezins referentiewoningen SenterNovem 1998-1999

 Results 100%

– Results per building component


90%

– Overall results
80%

• Roof and inner walls best


–70%Timber
Twee-onder-een-kap
– Gypsum
60% Tuinkamer
• Foundation, façade and floors lowest score
C2C score

–50%Concrete
– Bricks
40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
Fundering Gevel Binnenwanden Vloeren Daken

Bouwdelen
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Evaluation
– Element level
• Toxicity
• Biological decay and accumulation
– Working environment
– Long term effects
– Relative
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Conclusion
– Building component
• Low score
• No certified Cradle to Cradle solutions
• Personal interest
– Façade
• Low score
• No suitable building products
• Variety of aspect
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Building component
– In depth materialisation measurements
– Alternative materials
– Materialisation concept
– Design of Cradle to Cradle façade
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 BuildingPreliminary
component C2C design
research criteria
– In depth materialisation measurements
– Alternative
Measuring materials C2C tool
methods
– Materialisation concept
Reference
– Design of Cradle to Cradle façade
materialisation
Dutch dwellings In depth
materialisation
Low scoring
components
Personal
preference
Building
C2C certified component
materials

Design
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

 Planning
– Alternative materials end of December 2008
– Design end of February 2009
– Final product March 2009
Research aim and field Preliminary research Cradle to Cradle tool Next steps

Questions